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dc.contributor.advisorGrandstaff, David E.
dc.creatorFinlay, Alyssa Jean
dc.date.accessioned2020-10-26T18:25:54Z
dc.date.available2020-10-26T18:25:54Z
dc.date.issued2012
dc.identifier.other864885571
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12613/1215
dc.description.abstractDissolution experiments were conducted on bioapatite at 4°C, 21°C and 38°C and solution pH values between 2 and 8 in a stirred tank reactor. The bioapatite was obtained from modern white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) scapulae, crushed, and cleaned in 30% hydrogen peroxide to remove organic matter. The average BET specific surface area of the 75-106 and 106-246 μm particles was 255 m2 g-1. During experiments the ratio of Ca:P released became stoichiometric at ca. 1.44. The following dissolution rate law was derived from the experimental results: R = K1(H+)ⁿ+K2 in which R is the dissolution rate (mol bioapatite m-2 s-1) based on the bioapatite stoichiometry, n = 1.01 ± 0.15, k1 = 1.84 x 10-6 ± 1.71 x 10-6 mol m-2 s-1, and k2 = 4.29 x 10-10 ± 1.15 x 10-10 mol m-2 s-1 and H+ is the hydrogen ion activity. From 2 < pH < 4, dissolution rate is dependent on pH and becomes independent of pH from 4 < pH < 8. These results for modern bone may be compared with previous investigations of igneous (FAP) and phosphorite-derived sedimentary carbonate fluorapatites (CFA)(e.g., Guidry and Mackenzie, 2003). At pH = 6, in the pHindependent region, dissolution of the modern bioapatite was ca. 7 times faster than FAP and 100 times faster than CFA. The acid transition pH of the bioapatite (pH = 4) is lower than that for FAP (pH = 6). Bioapatite dissolution rates influence fossil preservation potential, the release rate of nutrients from bone meal fertilizers, the effectiveness of bone as reactive barriers to control pollutants and nuclear waste isolation, and as a feedstock material in CO2 sequestration processes.
dc.format.extent72 pages
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherTemple University. Libraries
dc.relation.ispartofTheses and Dissertations
dc.rightsIN COPYRIGHT- This Rights Statement can be used for an Item that is in copyright. Using this statement implies that the organization making this Item available has determined that the Item is in copyright and either is the rights-holder, has obtained permission from the rights-holder(s) to make their Work(s) available, or makes the Item available under an exception or limitation to copyright (including Fair Use) that entitles it to make the Item available.
dc.rights.urihttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
dc.subjectGeochemistry
dc.subjectApatite
dc.subjectDissolution Kinetics
dc.titleDissolution Kinetics of Bioapatite from pH 2 to 8 at 4° to 38°C
dc.typeText
dc.type.genreThesis/Dissertation
dc.contributor.committeememberMyer, George H.
dc.contributor.committeememberDavatzes, Nicholas
dc.description.departmentGeology
dc.relation.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.34944/dspace/1197
dc.ada.noteFor Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) accommodation, including help with reading this content, please contact scholarshare@temple.edu
dc.description.degreeM.S.
refterms.dateFOA2020-10-26T18:25:54Z


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