REPARATIONS FOR CONTEMPORARY BLACK HEALTH CARE PROVIDERS AND PATIENTS ADVERSELY AFFECTED BY THE FLEXNER REPORT
AdvisorJones, Nora L.
Committee memberAverill, Catherine
Health care disparities
Social determinants of health
Permanent link to this recordhttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12613/9515
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AbstractCurrently only 5.7% of physicians in the United States (U.S.) are Black/African American. This comprehensive analysis explores the significant underrepresentation of Black/African American physicians in the United States, a problem that has persisted for over 100 years. This investigation traces this disparity back to the Flexner report, a document that revolutionized medical education for the benefit of the white population but to the detriment of Black and other vulnerable populations. There is a critical examination of the ethical implications of the Flexner report, arguing that it has contributed to health disparities resulting in shortened lives for Black men, women, and children. Moreover, the roles played by private institutions such as the Carnegie Foundation, the Rockefeller Foundation, the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education and the American Medical Association and the U.S. federal government in initiating, funding or upholding the changes resulting from Flexner’s report are delineated. Most importantly, the efforts, as a result of the formation of the National Medical Association to overcome the obstacles placed in front of Black healthcare providers in caring for people of color is revealed. In exposing the damage done to physicians and patients of color there are also proposals of solutions to reverse the ethical harm done because of the Flexner report's implementation, including reparations for Black healthcare providers and patients adversely affected by the Flexner report. In conclusion there is an in-depth analysis of the history and impact of the Flexner report, the ethical and moral imperatives of reparations, and the feasibility and potential impact of these reparations.
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