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dc.contributor.advisorUlmer, Gene Carleton, 1937-2015
dc.creatorFarias, Linus J.
dc.date.accessioned2023-05-24T20:11:53Z
dc.date.available2023-05-24T20:11:53Z
dc.date.issued1989
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12613/8641
dc.description.abstractOver one hundred and fifty basanite features are located in a 12.1 square kilometer (4.73 square mile) area on the north rim of the Grand Canyon National Monument, at the southern edge of the Toroweap Valley. Thirty-six of these were analyzed to determine their origin. The features, previously described as "Pressure blisters" (Hamblin and Best, 1970), are believed to be direct mantle orifices that have erupted under an ash or lava cover. Green and red colored peridotite xenoliths of varying dimensions are found enclosed within these features on the Toroweap Valley as well as on the adjacent cinder cone Vulcan's Throne. The unique red coloring, observed primarily in forsteritic olivine (Fo90-92), is believed to be a result of precipitation of a ferric rich phase within individual olivine grains. Results obtained from a theoretical single-pyroxene geothermobarometer (Mercier, 1980) suggest pressures of at least 15 kilobars and temperatures of at least 940°C, corresponding to a depth of origin of at least 52 kilometers for the Toroweap Valley features. A genetic model developed suggests that the basanite lava carrying green colored olivine originated from a magma chamber at least 52 kilometers below the ground surface, transected a shallower magma chamber in which red colored xenoliths are suspended and punctured the crust in the Toroweap Valley.
dc.format.extent124 pages
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherTemple University. Libraries
dc.relation.isformatofDigital copy of print original.
dc.relation.ispartofTheses and Dissertations
dc.rightsIN COPYRIGHT- This Rights Statement can be used for an Item that is in copyright. Using this statement implies that the organization making this Item available has determined that the Item is in copyright and either is the rights-holder, has obtained permission from the rights-holder(s) to make their Work(s) available, or makes the Item available under an exception or limitation to copyright (including Fair Use) that entitles it to make the Item available.
dc.rights.urihttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
dc.subjectGeology
dc.subjectGeoscience
dc.subjectEnvironmental science
dc.titleMantle-Derived Basanite Features And Their Inclusions From The North Rim Of The Grand Canyon National Monument, Arizona
dc.typeImage
dc.type.genreThesis/Dissertation
dc.contributor.committeememberGrandstaff, David E.
dc.contributor.committeememberMyer, George H.
dc.description.departmentEarth and Environmental Science
dc.relation.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.34944/dspace/8605
dc.ada.noteFor Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) accommodation, including help with reading this content, please contact scholarshare@temple.edu
dc.description.degreeM.A.
dc.description.degreegrantorTemple University
refterms.dateFOA2023-05-24T20:11:53Z


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