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dc.creatorWilson, Carly J.
dc.creatorEberman, Lindsey E.
dc.creatorRedinger, Ansley S.
dc.creatorNeil, Elizabeth R.
dc.creatorWinkelmann, Zachary K.
dc.identifier.citationWilson CJ, Eberman LE, Redinger AS, Neil ER, Winkelmann ZK (2022) Athletic trainers’ viewpoints of patient-centered care: Preliminary findings. PLoS ONE 17(9): e0274577.
dc.description.abstractThe core competency of patient-centered care (PCC) states that for positive patient outcomes, the provider must respect the patient’s views and recognize their experiences. The Athletic Training Strategic Alliance Research Agenda Task Force identified a profession-wide belief that examining the extent to which athletic trainers (ATs) provide PCC in their clinical practice would benefit the profession. To first address this line of inquiry, we must study the subjectivity of how ATs view PCC. This study used Q methodology which is a research design that collects data from participants from a quantitative and qualitative perspective. A total of 115 (males = 62, females = 53, age = 37±10 y, experience = 13±10 y) ATs dispersed between 11 job settings volunteered for this study. Participants were asked to pre-sort (agree, disagree, neutral) 36 validated statements representing the 8 dimensions of PCC, then completed a Q-sort where they dragged-and-dropped the pre-sorted statements based on perceived importance in providing PCC. The Q-sorts were analyzed using QMethod software. A principal component analysis was used to identify statement rankings and factors. Factors were determined by an Eigenvalue > 1 and analyzed using a scree plot. The 6 highest selected statements per factor were assessed to create the distinguishing viewpoints. Two distinguishing viewpoints emerged from the factor analysis of the Q-sorts: 1) the interpersonal connection that valued teamwork, open communication, and respectful care with varied populations; 2) the holistic gatekeeper that valued personal promotion for activities of daily living, self-care, and quality of life. Overall, ATs value patient’s preferences and respect. However, a lack of importance was identified for incorporating the disablement model which is a core competency and adopted framework by the athletic training profession.
dc.format.extent14 pages
dc.relation.ispartofFaculty/Researcher Works
dc.relation.haspartPLoS One, Vol. 17, No. 9
dc.relation.isreferencedbyPublic Library of Science
dc.rightsAttribution CC BY
dc.subjectHealth care providers
dc.subjectFactor analysis
dc.subjectQuality of life
dc.titleAthletic trainers’ viewpoints of patient-centered care: Preliminary findings
dc.type.genreJournal article
dc.description.departmentHealth and Rehabilitation Sciences
dc.ada.noteFor Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) accommodation, including help with reading this content, please contact
dc.description.schoolcollegeTemple University. College of Public Health
dc.temple.creatorNeil, Elizabeth R.

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