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dc.creatorKhanna, Yesh
dc.date.accessioned2022-08-04T14:35:29Z
dc.date.available2022-08-04T14:35:29Z
dc.date.issued2022-02
dc.identifier.citationKhanna, Yesh. "United States in Somalia: An Autopsy." Penn Political Review, Winter (2022): 18-19.
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12613/7971
dc.description.abstractDuring the Cold War, the Horn of Africa region served as a battleground for proxy warfare between the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and KGB, the foreign intelligence acengy of the Soviet Union. Ethiopia was heavily backed by the CIA, whereas the KGB backed Siad Barre's authoritarian regime in Somalia. In 1977, Somalia and Ethiopia went to war against each other for control over the Ogaden region. This war turned out to be a disaster for Somalia, and Barre became more repressive, leading to anti-government protests and Barre fleeing Somalia in 1991. The immediate aftermath of this was the resurgence of clan violence which resulted in the collapse of whatever was left of the Somali government; this further led the country into economic chaos. The warlords, who headed these clans, found the perfect weapon to inflict damage upon one another: food. As Dr. Richard W. Steward writes in his brocher The United States Army in Somalia, 1992-1994: "as Somalia lapsed into sectarian and ethnic warfare, regional warlords drew upon clan loyalty to establish independent power bases. This situation led to a struggle over food supplies with each clan raiding the storehouses and depots of the others. Coupled with a drought, these actions brought famine to hundreds of thousands of the nation's poor." As a result, around a million Somalis started to flee to the neighboring urban areas where various non-governmental organizations were providing humanitarian assistance; additionally, around another one million Somalis were forced into exile.
dc.format.extent2 pages
dc.languageEnglish
dc.language.isoeng
dc.relation.ispartofUndergraduate Works
dc.relation.haspartPenn Political Review, Winter 2022
dc.relation.isreferencedbyUniversity of Pennsylvania
dc.relation.isreferencedbyAvailable at: https://pennpoliticalreview.org/editions/
dc.rightsAll Rights Reserved
dc.subjectCold War
dc.subjectSomalia
dc.subjectEthiopia
dc.titleUnited States in Somalia: An Autopsy
dc.typeText
dc.type.genreJournal article
dc.description.departmentGlobal studies
dc.relation.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.34944/dspace/7943
dc.ada.noteFor Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) accommodation, including help with reading this content, please contact scholarshare@temple.edu
dc.description.schoolcollegeTemple University. College of Liberal Arts
dc.temple.creatorKhanna, Yesh
refterms.dateFOA2022-08-04T14:35:29Z


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