Positive risk-taking: Mixed-methods validation of a self-report scale and evidence for genetic links to personality and negative risk-taking
AuthorPatterson, Megan W.
Mann, Frank D.
Grotzinger, Andrew D.
Monahan, Kathryn C.
Steinberg, Laurence D.
Tackett, Jennifer L.
Tucker-Drob, Elliot M.
Harden, K. Paige
DepartmentPsychology and Neuroscience
Permanent link to this recordhttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12613/7967
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractAdolescents are more likely to take risks. Typically, research on adolescent risk-taking has focused on its negative health and societal consequences. However, some risk-taking behaviors might be positive, defined here as behavior that does not violate the rights of others and that might advance socially-valuable goals. Empirical work on positive risk-taking has been limited by measurement challenges. In this study, we elicited adolescents’ free responses (n = 75) about a time they took a risk. Based on thematic coding, we identified positive behaviors described as risks and selected items to form a self-report scale. The resulting positive risk-taking scale was quantitatively validated in a population-based sample of adolescent twins (n = 1249). Second, we evaluated associations between positive risk-taking, negative risk-taking, and potential personality and peer correlates using a genetically informed design. Sensation seeking predicted negative and positive risk-taking equally strongly, whereas extraversion differentiated forms of risk-taking. Additive genetic influences on personality accounted for the total heritability in positive risk-taking. Indirect pathways from personality through positive and negative peer environments were identified. These results provide promising evidence that personality factors of sensation seeking and extraversion can manifest as engagement in positive risks. Increased understanding of positive manifestations of adolescent risk-taking may yield targets for positive youth development strategies to bolster youth well-being.
CitationPatterson, M. W., Pivnick, L., Mann, F. D., Grotzinger, A. D., Monahan, K. C., Steinberg, L., … Harden, K. P. (2019). Positive risk-taking: Mixed-methods validation of a self-report scale and evidence for genetic links to personality and negative risk-taking. https://doi.org/10.31234/osf.io/bq63f
Citation to related workPsyArXiv
ADA complianceFor Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) accommodation, including help with reading this content, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org