Self-Stigma Toward Nonsuicidal Self-Injury: An Examination of Implicit and Explicit Attitudes
AuthorPiccirillo, Marilyn L.
Burke, Taylor A.
Moore-Berg, Samantha L.
Heimberg, Richard G.
DepartmentPsychology and Neuroscience
Permanent link to this recordhttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12613/7943
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AbstractObjective: Evidence suggests that individuals without a history of nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) are likely to view NSSI as a stigmatized behavior. However, there is limited evidence evaluating the presence of self-stigma among individuals who have engaged in NSSI. Methods: We recruited a university sample (n = 351) and employed implicit and explicit measures to examine the degree of stigmatization toward those with NSSI scarring, as compared to nonintentional disfigurement (i.e., accidental scarring) and to tattoos (i.e., a culturally sanctioned form of intentional tissue alteration). We examined the extent to which bias is related to indicators of NSSI severity among those with a history of NSSI. Results: We provide evidence that negative biases toward NSSI may represent the effects of self-stigma. However, findings suggest that biases were generally attenuated among participants with a history of NSSI as compared to those without. Participants who had lower levels of NSSI explicit bias were more likely to have a history of more severe engagement in NSSI; however, no significant relationships were found between implicit bias and NSSI severity indicators. Conclusions: We present a theoretical rationale for attenuated biases among individuals with a history of NSSI and discuss implications of this research for NSSI recovery.
CitationPiccirillo, M., Burke, T., Moore-Berg, S., Alloy, L. B., & Heimberg, R. (2020). Self-Stigma Toward Nonsuicidal Self-Injury: An Examination of Implicit and Explicit Attitudes. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 50(5), 1007-1024. https://doi.org/10.1111/sltb.12640
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This is the pre-peer reviewed version of the following article, which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1111/sltb.12640. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions.
Has partSuicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, Vol. 50., Iss. 5
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