Community correlates of change: A mixed-effects assessment of shooting dynamics during COVID-19
AuthorJohnson, Nicole J.
Roman, Caterina G.
Permanent link to this recordhttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12613/7560
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AbstractThis study examines changes in gun violence at the census tract level in Philadelphia, PA before and after the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic. Piecewise generalized linear mixed effects models are used to test the relative impacts of social-structural and demographic factors, police activity, the presence of and proximity to drug markets, and physical incivilities on shooting changes between 2017 and June, 2021. Model results revealed that neighborhood structural characteristics like concentrated disadvantage and racial makeup, as well as proximity to drug markets and police activity were associated with higher shooting rates. Neighborhood drug market activity and police activity significantly predicted changes in shooting rates over time after the onset of COVID-19. This work demonstrates the importance of understanding whether there are unique factors that impact the susceptibility to exogenous shocks like the COVID-19 pandemic. The increasing risk of being in a neighborhood with an active drug market during the pandemic suggests efforts related to disrupting drug organizations, or otherwise curbing violence stemming from drug markets, may go a long way towards quelling citywide increases in gun violence.
CitationJohnson NJ, Roman CG (2022) Community correlates of change: A mixed-effects assessment of shooting dynamics during COVID-19. PLoS ONE 17(2): e0263777. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0263777
Citation to related workPublic Library of Science
Has partPLoS ONE, Vol. 17, No. 2
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