State emergency medical services guidance and protocol changes in response to the COVID-19 pandemic: A national investigation
Fishe, Jennifer N.
Lyng, John W.
Cicero, Mark X.
Permanent link to this recordhttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12613/7557
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AbstractObjectives: The COVID-19 pandemic has had an impact on emergency medical services (EMS) and its guidelines, which aid in patient care. This study characterizes state and territory EMS office recommendations to EMS statewide operational and clinical guidelines and describes the mechanisms of distribution and implementation during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: A mixed-methods study was conducted in 2 phases. In phase 1, changes and development of COVID-19 guidance and protocols for EMS clinical management and operations were identified among 50 states, the District of Columbia, and 5 territories in publicly available online documents and information. In phase 2, structured interviews were conducted with state/territory EMS officials to confirm the protocol changes or guidance and assess dissemination and implementation strategies for COVID-19. Results: In phase 1, publicly available online documents for 52 states/territories regarding EMS protocols and COVID-19 guidance were identified and reviewed. Of 52 (33/52) states/territories, 33 had either formal protocol changes or specific guidance for the pandemic. In phase 2, 2 state and territory EMS officials were interviewed regarding their protocols or guidance for COVID-19 and the dissemination and implementation practices they used to reach EMS agencies (response rate = 65%). Of the 34 state/territory officials interviewed, 22 had publicly available online COVID-19 protocols or guidance. Of the 22 officials with online COVID-19 protocols, all reported providing operational direction, and 19 of 22 officials reported providing clinical direction. Conclusions: Most states provided guidance to EMS agencies and/or updated protocols in response to the COVID-19 pandemic.
CitationOwusu-Ansah, S, Harris, M, Fishe, JN, et al. State emergency medical services guidance and protocol changes in response to the COVID-19 pandemic: A national investigation. JACEP Open. 2022; 3:e12687.
Citation to related workWiley Open Access
Has partJournal of the American College of Emergency Physicians Open, Vol. 3, No. 2
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