• After June Medical Services: The Past, Present, And Future Of Regulating Reproduction

      Center for Public Health Law Research (Temple University Beasley School of Law); Harvard Law and Policy Review (Harvard University); Florida State University College of Law (2020-06-30)
      Where does abortion law in the United States stand, and where are we headed? In the wake of Supreme Court’s landmark decision, June Medical Services v. Russo, join the authors of four influential books on reproductive health, Professors David S. Cohen, Michele Goodwin, Carol Sanger, and Mary Ziegler, for a conversation moderated by NPR’s Sarah McCammon about the past, present, and future of the law and politics of reproduction. The authors’ insights also bring into focus recent state policies that have deepened inequalities and strained access to pregnancy and abortion care during the pandemic.
    • After The Inauguration: Abortion Law In 2021

      Center for Public Health Law Research (Temple University Beasley School of Law); Case Western Reserve Law-Medicine Center (Case Western Reserve University) (2021-01-28)
      What is in store for abortion rights with new national leadership and a differently-configured Supreme Court? The coming year may prove crucial to abortion law’s future. The Biden Administration may revisit any number of anti-abortion policies, from the unnecessary regulation of medication abortion to restrictions on funding for abortion providers. At the same time, the constitutional right to abortion hangs in the balance. A majority of the Supreme Court stands poised to overturn or further eviscerate the core holding of Roe v. Wade, raising the specter of discriminatory criminalization of abortion care. This conversation brings together experts to discuss what the map for abortion access looks like with and without federal protection for abortion rights. Specifically, panelists discuss how abortion access could change – across state lines and through “tele-abortion” or self-managed abortion – and what challenges remain during the pandemic. Speakers not only analyze the abortion cases that may land before the Supreme Court, but also consider the potential responses of state legislatures and the federal government.
    • Better Law and Policies to Reduce Gun Violence

      Center for Public Health Law Research (Temple University Beasley School of Law) (2013-10-17)
      In this Critical Opportunities presentation, Jeffrey Swanson, PhD, shares recommendations for the use of law to reduce the problem of gun violence. The recommendations are a package of policies that were originally presented at the Johns Hopkins Gun Policy Summit in January 2013. They include: fixing the background check system, modifying the list of gun-prohibited persons, fixing the mental health criteria for gun ownership, reforming dealer licensing and penalties for gun trafficking, requiring personalized guns, banning assault weapons, and increasing federal funding for gun violence research.
    • Corn Masa Flour Fortification for the Prevention of Neural Tube Defects

      Center for Public Health Law Research (Temple University Beasley School of Law) (2013-10-17)
      Neural tube defects, such as spina bifida or anencephaly, affect 3,000 babies in the United States each year. The majority of these cases can be prevented by taking folic acid throughout pregnancy, through diet or other supplements, or through the fortification of food. Because many grains in the United States are enriched with folic acid, there have been declines in neural tube defects. However, many staple foods in Hispanic communities are made from corn flour, which is not fortified. Hispanic populations also see greater rates of neural tube defects. In their Critical Opportunities presentation, Erica Reott, MPH and Lt. Cmdr. Kinzie Lee, MPH, make the case that fortifying corn flour could improve health outcomes and reduce disparities among Hispanic women and their babies.
    • Eliminate Dishonesties in the FDA Food Label

      Center for Public Health Law Research (Temple University Beasley School of Law) (2012-04-24)
      Stricter requirements for labeling regulations could eliminate dishonesties in FDA food labeling, according to Adam Finkel, ScD, University of Pennsylvania. Finkel proposes four key ways the FDA could amend its labeling regulations. These amendments would allow more information disclosure that enables the public to make more informed decisions about the food they are consuming.
    • Ensure That "Smart Disclosures" in Lieu of Regulation are Complete and Accurate

      Center for Public Health Law Research (Temple University Beasley School of Law) (2013-10-17)
      “Smart disclosures” are meant to empower consumers to make smart purchasing decisions by providing them with information about products, such as food nutrition labels or automobile fuel economy labels. But Adam Finkel, ScD explains in his Critical Opportunities presentation that these disclosures are often misleading, inaccurate, incomplete or nonexistent. To be valuable tools for consumers, Finkel suggests that smart disclosures would need to be updated and reevaluated for relevance, accuracy and clarity.
    • Graduated Driver’s License Decal Laws for Novice Teen Drivers

      Center for Public Health Law Research (Temple University Beasley School of Law) (2013-10-17)
      New Jersey is the first state in the United States to require novice drivers to put a red reflective decal on their license plate as part of their graduated driver’s license law. The decals signal the young driver’s probationary status to other drivers and law enforcement. A study by Allison Curry, PhD, MPH and her colleagues at the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia found that New Jersey’s law has prevented more than 1,600 crashes and helped police officers enforce regulations unique to new drivers. Decal laws could be an opportunity to further enhance the effectiveness of state level graduated driver’s licensing programs, Curry explains in her presentation.
    • Law as Barrier and Facilitator to Opioid Overdose Prevention

      Center for Public Health Law Research (Temple University Beasley School of Law) (2013-10-17)
      Prescription drug overdose is now the leading cause of accidental death. In his Critical Opportunities presentation, Corey Davis, JD, staff attorney at the Network for Public Health Law, suggests that easier access to opioid overdose reversal drugs like naloxone could help prevent overdose deaths.
    • Local Integrated Governance (LIG) and a New Role or Local Public Health

      Center for Public Health Law Research (Temple University Beasley School of Law) (2013-10-17)
      Local integrated government could improve public health by streamlining activities and creating a more efficient and effective local government, according to Scott Hays, PhD, in his Critical Opportunities presentation. Hays offers five keys to establishing local integrated government, and provides evidence to support the value of adopting this system.
    • Mandatory Testing of Radon Levels in For-Sale Homes

      Center for Public Health Law Research (Temple University Beasley School of Law) (2012-04-24)
      The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) estimates that approximately 21,000 lung cancer cases per year in the United States are caused by exposure to radon gas in homes. In this Critical Opportunities presentation, Adam Finkel, ScD, from the University of Pennsylvania, suggests laws that require all sellers in high-level counties to test for and disclose radon levels as a condition of sale. He also suggests laws that require that ventilation fans be installed at the seller’s expense when tests reveal radon levels above the actionable level.
    • Mountain Dew Mouth: Prevention & Education to Undo the Dental Damage of the Dew

      Center for Public Health Law Research (Temple University Beasley School of Law) (2013-10-17)
      Dana Singer, JD, research analyst at the Mid-Ohio Valley Health Department, suggests in her Critical Opportunities presentation that banning these drinks in schools, limiting the product size, posting warning signs, as well as prohibiting SNAP dollars from being spent on sugar-sweetened beverages are ways law could be used to improve this considerable dental health problem.
    • Reducing Crime by Encouraging Residential Zoning in Commercial Areas

      Center for Public Health Law Research (Temple University Beasley School of Law) (2012-04-24)
      In this Critical Opportunities presentation, James Anderson, JD, from RAND Corporation, explains how city blocks that have some land parcels zoned for residential use experience substantially less crime than blocks that are zoned only for commercial or industrial uses. He suggests encouraging residential zoning in commercial areas as a way to reduce crime.
    • Strengthening State Physical Education Requirements

      Center for Public Health Law Research (Temple University Beasley School of Law) (2012-04-24)
      Early childhood physical activity can prevent chronic disease says Scott Hays, PhD, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. He advises that setting high standards to strengthen state physical education requirements can assure that people are more physically fit.
    • Taxation of Alcoholic Beverages

      Center for Public Health Law Research (Temple University Beasley School of Law) (2013-10-17)
      Because alcohol taxes have not been adjusted for inflation, spirits only cost one-fifth of what they used to cost in the 1950’s, leading to a host of alcohol-related injury and disease. In the United States, 80,000 deaths per year and 1.6 million hospitalizations per year are attributable to alcohol consumption. Alexander Wagenaar, PhD, professor at University of Florida, suggests in his Critical Opportunities presentation that doubling the rate of alcohol taxes and building in automatic annual adjustments for inflation could help solve some of these alcohol-related public health issues.
    • The Model Aquatic Health Code

      Center for Public Health Law Research (Temple University Beasley School of Law) (2013-10-17)
      People in the United States make more than 300 million trips to pools each year, but there is no federal regulatory authority governing the health and safety of swimmers, and the current patchwork of state and local laws are often not science-based. Jasen Kunz, JD, of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, suggests in his Critical Opportunities presentation that the Model Aquatic Health Code provides sample evidence-based guidelines that can be adopted to help reduce rates of pool-related injuries and illness.
    • Using Legal Efforts to Increase Childhood Vaccination Rates

      Center for Public Health Law Research (Temple University Beasley School of Law) (2012-04-24)
      Half of all U.S. states have increasing childhood vaccination exemption rates, according to Tanya Karwaki, JD and Patricia Kuszler, MD, JD, from the University of Washington School of Law. Karwaki and Kuszler propose that enacting laws to make exemptions more difficult to obtain could improve public health outcomes.
    • Using the Law to Improve Access to Primary Care

      Center for Public Health Law Research (Temple University Beasley School of Law) (2013-10-17)
      Americans today have difficulty accessing primary care. Nurse practitioners could supplement the care provided by general practitioner physicians, and remove a barrier to care that would improve health outcomes and save money, explains Jamie Ware, JD, MSW, in her Critical Opportunities presentation.