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dc.contributor.advisorSoudbakhsh, Damoon
dc.creatorRodriguez Nunez, Renato
dc.date.accessioned2022-01-17T16:26:01Z
dc.date.available2022-01-17T16:26:01Z
dc.date.issued2021
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12613/7198
dc.description.abstractThis research focuses on the development of optimal sailing maneuvers for an AC75 foiling sailboat competing in the America's Cup. The America's Cup is the oldest, most prestigious, and technologically advanced sailboat racing competition in the world. Each iteration brings new and innovative sailboat designs which drastically improve sailing performance but increase complexity in the control of the sailboat system. This added complexity in the design and operation of the AC75 sailboat presents many challenges to the development of optimal sailing maneuvers. These challenges arise from the introduction of extra degrees of freedom and articulations in the boat such as the canting mechanisms (hydrofoils), which result in complex dynamical behaviors. The sailboat system is nonlinear, high-dimensional, and highly unstable. These complex characteristics require the development of high-order models, which are often intractable, or which introduce significant delays making them not well-suited for real-time control. The optimal maneuvers were achieved via the exploration of out-of-the-box solutions through data-driven controls and optimization. We used a high-fidelity sailboat simulator for the data generation process, and data-driven optimization schemes, such as Artificial Neural Networks (ANN), Extremum Seeking Control (ESC), and Jacobian Learning (JL) to optimize the sailing maneuvers. The optimizations were performed separately on various sailing maneuvers including close-hauled, tacking, and takeoff, as well as combinations of these maneuvers as performed during a race. The close-hauled and tacking maneuvers were optimized to achieve maximum Velocity Made Good (VMG) and minimum loss of VMG, respectively. The takeoff maneuver was optimized for maximum VMG and minimum time for the boat's transitions from displacement mode to foiling mode. The optimal solutions are subject to physical constraints and operational constraints enforced by the humans (sailors) in the loop. These maneuvers were developed for various heading angles (True Wind Angle (TWA)) and environmental conditions, such as True Wind Speed (TWS). Additionally, we performed an in-depth analysis of the optimal parameter settings obtained for close-hauled sailing to discern general trends in the parameter space. The trend of optimal parameters versus the wind direction provides a good understanding of the parameter space for varying sailing directions which can help guide the sailor's decisions during a race. The results show how optimization and controls can play a significant role in the development of advisory systems for complex human-operated systems. Lastly, the maneuvers developed in this search serve as performance benchmarks and provide insightful information about the underlying dynamics of the boat.
dc.format.extent89 pages
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherTemple University. Libraries
dc.relation.ispartofTheses and Dissertations
dc.rightsIN COPYRIGHT- This Rights Statement can be used for an Item that is in copyright. Using this statement implies that the organization making this Item available has determined that the Item is in copyright and either is the rights-holder, has obtained permission from the rights-holder(s) to make their Work(s) available, or makes the Item available under an exception or limitation to copyright (including Fair Use) that entitles it to make the Item available.
dc.rights.urihttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
dc.subjectMechanical engineering
dc.subjectAdaptive
dc.subjectAmerica's Cup
dc.subjectData-driven
dc.subjectFoiling
dc.subjectOptimization
dc.subjectTack
dc.titleOPTIMAL CONTROL OF THE AC75 SAILBOAT FOR THE AMERICA'S CUP RACE
dc.typeText
dc.type.genreThesis/Dissertation
dc.contributor.committeememberChen, Shih-Jiun
dc.contributor.committeememberDames, Philip
dc.description.departmentMechanical Engineering
dc.relation.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.34944/dspace/7177
dc.ada.noteFor Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) accommodation, including help with reading this content, please contact scholarshare@temple.edu
dc.description.degreeM.S.M.E.
dc.identifier.proqst14734
dc.date.updated2022-01-11T05:04:00Z
refterms.dateFOA2022-01-17T16:26:02Z
dc.identifier.filenameRodriguezNunez_temple_0225M_14734.pdf


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