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dc.creatorRoggio, Federico
dc.creatorTrovato, Bruno
dc.creatorRavalli, Silvia
dc.creatorDi Rosa, Michelino
dc.creatorMaugeri, Grazia
dc.creatorBianco, Antonino
dc.creatorPalma, Antonio
dc.creatorMusumeci, Giuseppe
dc.date.accessioned2021-10-25T13:42:37Z
dc.date.available2021-10-25T13:42:37Z
dc.date.issued2021-08-17
dc.identifier.citationRoggio, F.; Trovato, B.; Ravalli, S.; Di Rosa, M.; Maugeri, G.; Bianco, A.; Palma, A.; Musumeci, G. One Year of COVID-19 Pandemic in Italy: Effect of Sedentary Behavior on Physical Activity Levels and Musculoskeletal Pain among University Students. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 8680. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18168680
dc.identifier.issn1660-4601
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.34944/dspace/6965
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12613/6984
dc.description.abstractThe COVID-19 outbreak forced Italian students to reduce their daily activities, inducing a seden-tary attitude that was worsened by distanced learning. This study aimed to survey the physical activity levels that were maintained before and during the social restrictions following the pan-demic, their correlation to musculoskeletal pain, as well as analyzing the impact of these COVID-19 restrictions on pain and fatigue that affects daily life activities. A total of 2044 students completed the online questionnaire, of which the results of 1654 participants were eligible. Before the pandemic, the levels of physical activity were distributed as: 19.9% no activity, 30.1% light ac-tivity, 21.5% moderate activity, and 28.5% high activity. After one year of the pandemic, 30.6% of the participants were inactive, 48.1%, 10.9%, and 10.5% stated as maintaining, respectively, light, moderate and high levels of physical activity. Furthermore, 43.5% reported neck pain and 33.5% stated to experience low back pain. Physical activity levels lower than 150 min/week may have predisposed students to suffer from neck pain (1.95 OR at 95% CI, 1.44–2.64) and low back pain (1.79 OR at 95% CI, 1.29–2.49). A positive correlation between physical activity levels, Verbal Descriptive Scale (VDS), and pain frequency have been observed for neck and low back pain (p-value < 0.05). Finally, low physical activity levels were associated with musculoskeletal pain onset and pain worsening.
dc.format.extent18 pages
dc.languageEnglish
dc.language.isoeng
dc.relation.ispartofCOVID-19 Research
dc.relation.haspartInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, Vol. 18, No. 16
dc.relation.isreferencedbyMDPI
dc.rightsAttribution CC BY
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subjectCOVID-19
dc.subjectPhysical activity
dc.subjectSedentary behavior
dc.subjectUniversity
dc.subjectMusculoskeletal pain
dc.subjectNeck pain
dc.subjectLow back pain
dc.subjectHealth prevention
dc.titleOne Year of COVID-19 Pandemic in Italy: Effect of Sedentary Behavior on Physical Activity Levels and Musculoskeletal Pain among University Students
dc.typeText
dc.type.genreJournal article
dc.description.departmentBiology
dc.relation.doihttps://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18168680
dc.ada.noteFor Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) accommodation, including help with reading this content, please contact scholarshare@temple.edu
dc.description.schoolcollegeTemple University. College of Science and Technology
dc.creator.orcidMusumeci|0000-0002-8260-8890
dc.temple.creatorMusumeci, Giuseppe
refterms.dateFOA2021-10-25T13:42:37Z


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