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dc.creatorJang, Hanbyeol
dc.creatorMennis, Jeremy
dc.date.accessioned2021-10-18T15:52:10Z
dc.date.available2021-10-18T15:52:10Z
dc.date.issued2021-06
dc.identifier.citationJang, H.; Mennis, J. The Role of Local Communities and Well-Being in UNESCO World Heritage Site Conservation: An Analysis of the Operational Guidelines, 1994–2019. Sustainability 2021, 13, 7144. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13137144
dc.identifier.issn2071-1050
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.34944/dspace/6944
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12613/6963
dc.description.abstractUNESCO’s world heritage program aims to protect sites of cultural and natural heritage worldwide. Issues of local communities and well-being have been given increasing attention by heritage conservation scholars, but a systemic review of UNESCO guidelines has not been performed. Here, we examine the evolution of the ‘Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention,’ documents representing the heritage conservation policies of UNESCO over the period 1994–2019. Using keyword analysis and document analysis, the findings show evidence of an increasing emphasis on local communities, growing primarily since 2005. However, the theme of well-being only first emerged in the operational guidelines in 2019. Political, economic, and environmental challenges idiosyncratic to specific places often complicate the role of local communities and well-being in heritage conservation priorities. Future research should investigate the potential implementation and implications of these changes for the guidelines at specific UNESCO world heritage sites.
dc.format.extent14 pages
dc.languageEnglish
dc.language.isoeng
dc.relation.ispartofOpen Access Publishing Fund
dc.relation.haspartSustainability, Vol. 13, Iss. 13
dc.relation.isreferencedbyMDPI
dc.rightsAttribution CC BY
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subjectUNESCO
dc.subjectOperational guidelines
dc.subjectLocal communities
dc.subjectWell-being
dc.subjectWorld heritage sites
dc.titleThe Role of Local Communities and Well-Being in UNESCO World Heritage Site Conservation: An Analysis of the Operational Guidelines, 1994–2019
dc.typeText
dc.type.genreJournal article
dc.description.departmentGeography and Urban Studies
dc.relation.doihttps://doi.org/10.3390/su13137144
dc.ada.noteFor Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) accommodation, including help with reading this content, please contact scholarshare@temple.edu
dc.description.schoolcollegeTemple University. College of Liberal Arts
dc.description.sponsorTemple University Libraries Open Access Publishing Fund, 2021-2022 (Philadelphia, Pa.)
dc.creator.orcidJang|0000-0003-4203-3620
dc.creator.orcidMennis|0000-0001-6319-8622
dc.temple.creatorJang, Hanbyeol
dc.temple.creatorMennis, Jeremy
refterms.dateFOA2021-10-18T15:52:10Z


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