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dc.contributor.advisorSciote, James J.
dc.creatorMcCown, Stephen J
dc.date.accessioned2021-08-23T18:09:10Z
dc.date.available2021-08-23T18:09:10Z
dc.date.issued2021
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12613/6882
dc.description.abstractObjectives: This study aims to examine malocclusion traits of a racially diverse population to determine the validity of the malocclusion prevalence reported in the NHANES III survey. Additionally, the cephalometric database from the American Association of Orthodontists Foundation Legacy Collection (AAOF-LC) was used for skeletal malocclusion prevalence. The sample used data collected at the Temple University orthodontic screening clinic (TUKSoD) from 2012-2020.Methods: Malocclusion prevalence of the TUKSoD population (n=7713) was compared to the NHANES III (n=7000) and AAOF-LC (n=1198) for dental and skeletal traits respectively. The TUKSoD population is 51.5% Black, 38% Hispanic, 2.7% White, 1.1% Asian, 0.2% American-Indian, and 1.1% other; age range 6-78 (mean 21.05±10.47), 60.4% females/39.6% males. The AAOF-LC is comprised primarily of Caucasian patients; age range 1-47, 48% females/52% males. The NHANES III survey included Black, Caucasian, and Mexican-American participants, with results weighted to represent American population demographics. Traits were compared in the transverse (dental), vertical (dental/skeletal), and sagittal (dental/skeletal) planes. Prevalence was recorded as percentage of the total population. Results: Significant differences were found for all dental comparisons: Sagittal (Class-I,II,III; p=8.59E-7), Vertical (Open-bite/Deep-bite; p=1.53E-13), and Transverse (crossbites). Significant differences were found for all skeletal comparisons: Sagittal (Class-I,II,III; p=5.38E-6), and Vertical (Open-bite/Deep-bite; p=8.89E-5). Conclusion: TUKSoD serves a diverse patient population which has significantly different skeletal and dental malocclusion prevalence compared to the control populations. These differences are likely the result of the genetic influences underlying the demographics. As the NHANES III and AAOF-LC represent common standards, comparison to genetically heterogenous contemporary populations is challenging, underscoring the need for more personalized approaches to determining malocclusion demographic characteristics.
dc.format.extent53 pages
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherTemple University. Libraries
dc.relation.ispartofTheses and Dissertations
dc.rightsIN COPYRIGHT- This Rights Statement can be used for an Item that is in copyright. Using this statement implies that the organization making this Item available has determined that the Item is in copyright and either is the rights-holder, has obtained permission from the rights-holder(s) to make their Work(s) available, or makes the Item available under an exception or limitation to copyright (including Fair Use) that entitles it to make the Item available.
dc.rights.urihttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
dc.subjectDentistry
dc.subjectMalocclusion
dc.subjectPrevalence
dc.titleMALOCCLUSION PREVALENCE IN A NORTH PHILADELPHIA ORTHODONTIC POPULATION
dc.typeText
dc.type.genreThesis/Dissertation
dc.contributor.committeememberGodel, Jeffrey H.
dc.contributor.committeememberMoore, John V., III
dc.description.departmentOral Biology
dc.relation.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.34944/dspace/6864
dc.ada.noteFor Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) accommodation, including help with reading this content, please contact scholarshare@temple.edu
dc.description.degreeM.S.
dc.identifier.proqst14596
dc.date.updated2021-08-21T10:07:56Z
refterms.dateFOA2021-08-23T18:09:11Z
dc.identifier.filenameMcCown_temple_0225M_14596.pdf


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