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dc.contributor.advisorDumenci, Levent
dc.creatorMorgan, Pharah Dawn
dc.date.accessioned2021-08-23T17:48:21Z
dc.date.available2021-08-23T17:48:21Z
dc.date.issued2021
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12613/6833
dc.description.abstractIntroduction: Studies suggest bullying is associated with negative health outcomes such as depression, physical health problems, and substance use. Bullying takes two forms, at school (traditional) and through online platforms (electronic). Literature on American Indians and Alaskan Natives (AIAN) note earlier substance use initiations, yet the association of bullying and substance use has not been explored.Methods: Using pooled 2011-2019 Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System data, this study assessed the association between bullying (traditional and electronic) and cigarette smoking, alcohol, marijuana, and heavy substances use among AIAN adolescents (N=855). Descriptive statistics were calculated for demographics, bullying, and substances measures. Gender stratified and combined multivariate logistic regression models were conducted and adjusted for sexual minority status, age, and obesity. Results: Respondents were 55.2% male and between ages 15-17 years (74.3%). Among respondents, 23.3% reported experiencing traditional bullying while electronic bullying prevalence was 17.3%. For respondent substances use, 20.5% reported cigarette smoking, 32.5% alcohol use, 34.0% marijuana use, and 10.8% heavy substance use in past 30 days. Electronic bullying exposure was statistically significantly associated with higher odds of alcohol use in the past 30 days compared to those with no electronic bullying (adjusted odds ratio (AOR)=1.65, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.18—2.31). Among males and females, statistically significantly higher odds of alcohol use when exposed to electronic bullying were observed (AOR=1.70, 95% CI: 1.10—2.72 and AOR=1.69, 95% CI:1.08—2.63, respectively). Conclusion: AIAN adolescents tend to use alcohol when exposed to electronic bullying. This finding suggests the need for strategies to continue to address prevention for substances use and bullying for AIAN adolescents.
dc.format.extent56 pages
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherTemple University. Libraries
dc.relation.ispartofTheses and Dissertations
dc.rightsIN COPYRIGHT- This Rights Statement can be used for an Item that is in copyright. Using this statement implies that the organization making this Item available has determined that the Item is in copyright and either is the rights-holder, has obtained permission from the rights-holder(s) to make their Work(s) available, or makes the Item available under an exception or limitation to copyright (including Fair Use) that entitles it to make the Item available.
dc.rights.urihttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
dc.subjectEpidemiology
dc.titleBULLYING AND SUBSTANCE USE AMONG AMERICAN INDIAN/ALASKAN NATIVE YOUTH: SECONDARY DATA ANALYSIS OF 2011-2019 YOUTH RISK BEHAVIOR SURVEILLANCE DATA
dc.typeText
dc.type.genreThesis/Dissertation
dc.contributor.committeememberJohnson, Krys
dc.description.departmentEpidemiology
dc.relation.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.34944/dspace/6815
dc.ada.noteFor Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) accommodation, including help with reading this content, please contact scholarshare@temple.edu
dc.description.degreeM.S.
dc.identifier.proqst14559
dc.date.updated2021-08-21T10:06:58Z
dc.embargo.lift08/17/2022
dc.identifier.filenameMorgan_temple_0225M_14559.pdf


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