HOW DID REMOTE TEACHING DURING THE COVID-19 CRISIS AFFECT FACULTY’S ATTITUDES AND BELIEFS ABOUT ONLINE TEACHING?
AdvisorDucette, Joseph P.
Committee memberBrooks, Wanda M., 1969-
Harrington, Christine, 1971-
Permanent link to this recordhttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12613/6538
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AbstractPrior to the Covid-19 pandemic, online learning was a contested issue within higher education. Advocates of online higher education saw it as a way to make college more accessible and affordable and bring high-quality education to those who might not be able to attend in-person classes. However, many faculty were skeptical or reluctant to teach online and in particular expressed concerns about increased workload, inferior learning outcomes, cheating, and losing connection with students. When the pandemic began, some argued that it would accelerate the acceptance of online teaching by faculty, while others argued the pandemic would reveal the weaknesses and limitations of online teaching. Overall, this study shows more support for the former than the latter. A plurality (49.3%) of faculty surveyed report that following the pivot to emergency remote teaching they have a more positive view of online education while 27.5% report no change and only 22.9% have a more negative view. Further, 55.1% report that they are more likely to want to teach online when their campus reopens. However, many faculty who expressed a more favorable view of online education also expressed reservations, for example that certain courses do not work well online or that certain students do not do well online. The concerns cited in the pre-pandemic literature including cheating, lack of connection and engagement, and increased workload for faculty all surfaced in this study. These are complex and challenging issues that can never be fully solved but should not be ignored if online higher education is to reach its full potential.
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The Relationship of Literacy Teaching Efficacy Beliefs and Literacy Pedagogical Content Knowledge During Student TeachingThurman, S. Kenneth; Booth, Julie L.; Boyle, Joseph R.; DuCette, Joseph P.; Brooks, Wanda M., 1969- (Temple University. Libraries, 2014)Student literacy rates across the country are unacceptably low. Teacher preparation has emerged as a priority in both research and practice in efforts to improve the nation's literacy rates. Teacher knowledge and beliefs influence the quality of instruction teachers are able to implement. This study was designed to help educators and mentors of novice teachers understand the relationship between literacy pedagogical content knowledge and literacy teacher efficacy beliefs and changes to this relationship during the course of student teaching. Using a sample of 36 pre-service teachers assigned to student teaching in kindergarten, first or second grade classrooms, literacy pedagogical content knowledge was measured in a multiple-choice assessment that covered a variety of early literacy instructional areas including phonology, orthography, vocabulary, morphology and comprehension. Literacy teaching efficacy beliefs was measured using a self-report questionnaire. Participants completed the survey at two time points, at the beginning and end of student teaching. To determine if a literacy pedagogical content knowledge and literacy teaching efficacy beliefs demonstrated a relationship, Pearson correlations were calculated at both time points. Results of this study suggest that these constructs are not related and operate independently. Additionally this study suggested that while literacy teaching efficacy beliefs improved significantly over the course of student teaching, literacy pedagogical content knowledge did not. Results from this study can inform teacher educators, mentors of novice teaches and professional development programmers on the relationship of literacy pedagogical content knowledge and literacy teaching efficacy beliefs in pre-service teachers.
Teaching from the margins: An examination of the teaching practices and labor conditions of adjunct faculty in communicationMorris, Nancy, 1953-; Creech, Brian; Fernback, Jan, 1964-; Gooblar, David (Temple University. Libraries, 2020)This study explores the teaching practices and labor conditions of media and communication adjunct faculty at three universities. Since the late 1960s, the number of faculty who are part-time and contingent is increasing and adjuncts are now more than 70% of college and university faculty (AAUP, n.d.). In this study, I examine the neoliberal university’s reliance on the teaching labor of part-time faculty and interrogate the use of adjunct labor for skills-based, vocationally oriented elements of the media and communication curriculum. The history of higher education, the literature of teaching and learning, and the theoretical frameworks of Bourdieu’s practice theory and Freire’s critical pedagogy situate this qualitative study of adjunct faculty teaching practices and labor conditions. A multi-method approach includes textual analysis of course syllabi and university documents; eight interviews with administrators, department chairs, sequence heads, course directors, and university leadership; three interviews with union activists; eleven interviews with current or former adjuncts; semester-long participant observation of teaching practices of thirteen courses taught by nine adjunct faculty; and three student focus groups with nineteen total participants. This study reveals media and communication adjuncts as key members of the academic community who apply student-centered practices and who are responsible for important elements of the curriculum, and at the same time, marginalized as a flexible, on-demand, and disposable labor force that serves the neoliberal university. This study offers insights to improve the labor conditions of adjunct faculty. I conclude that the COVID-19 global pandemic and the disruption of higher education’s normal tempo reveals a changing higher education landscape with threats of financial exigency and increased precarity for all faculty.
TEACH-TIE: A PROGRAM FOR TEACHING A CHILD WITH AND A CHILD WITHOUT AUTISM TO TIE THEIR SHOELACES USING VIDEO PROMPTING AND BACKWARDS CHAININGTincani, Matt; Fisher, Amanda Guld; Axelrod, Saul; Hantula, Donald A.; Dowdy, Arthur (Temple University. Libraries, 2018)This project sought to evaluate the effects of video prompting in combination with backwards chaining to increase proficiency of tying shoe-laces using a changing criterion design. Two children, one diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and one neurotypical were invited to participate in this study. Following baseline, shoe-tying prompt videos and backwards chaining were used to teach shoe-tying. Video prompting plus backwards chaining increased the typically developing participant’s proficiency with performing a larger percentage of steps of the targeted skill independently following intervention. However, the participant with ASD was unable to meet criterion and the study was terminated for him due to challenging behavior. These results indicate that the combination of point-of-view video prompts along with backwards chaining can be effective in teaching children to tie their shoelaces. These results also indicate that children with ASD may need additional supports with this intervention to reach acquisition criterion. Parents reported satisfaction both with the procedures undertaken and with the outcomes of the intervention.