Experimental Investigations on the Basis for Intellectual Property Rights
AuthorFast, Anne A.
Olson, Kristina R.
Mandel, Gregory N.
Permanent link to this recordhttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12613/6344
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AbstractLay people routinely misunderstand or do not obey laws protecting intellectual property (IP), leading to a variety of (largely unsuccessful) efforts by policymakers, IP owners, and researchers to change those beliefs and behaviors. The current work tests a new approach, inquiring whether lay people’s views about IP protection can be modified by arguments concerning the basis for IP rights. Across 2 experiments, 572 adults (recruited through Amazon Mechanical Turk) read 1 of 6 arguments about the basis for IP protection (incentives, natural rights, expressive rights, plagiarism, commons, or no argument). Participants then reported their general support for IP protection. Participants also reported their evaluations of 2 scenarios that involved infringement of IP rights, including cases in which there were mitigating experiences (e.g., the copier acknowledged the original source), and completed several demographic questions. Three primary findings emerged: (a) exposure to the importance of the public commons (and to a lesser extent, exposure to the argument that plagiarism is the basis of IP protection) led participants to become less supportive of IP protection than the incentives, natural rights, expressive rights, and control conditions; (b) people believed that infringement was more acceptable if the infringer acknowledged the original creator of the work; and (c) older adults and women were especially likely to see infringement as problematic. These findings illustrate several ways in which lay beliefs are at odds with legal doctrine, and suggest that people’s views about IP protection can be shaped in certain ways by learning the basis for IP rights.
CitationAnne A. Fast, Kristina R. Olson, & Gregory N. Mandel, Experimental Investigations on the Basis for Intellectual Property Rights, 40 Law & Hum. Behav. 458 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1037/lhb0000187
Citation to related workAmerican Psychological Association
Has partLaw and Human Behavior, Vol. 40, No. 4
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