High-yield oil palm expansion spares land at the expense of forests in the Peruvian Amazon
AuthorGutiérrez-Vélez, Víctor Hugo
DepartmentGeography and Urban Studies
Land use change
Permanent link to this recordhttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12613/6243
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AbstractHigh-yield agriculture potentially reduces pressure on forests by requiring less land to increase production. Using satellite and field data, we assessed the area deforested by industrial-scale high-yield oil palm expansion in the Peruvian Amazon from 2000 to 2010, finding that 72% of new plantations expanded into forested areas. In a focus area in the Ucayali region, we assessed deforestation for high- and smallholder low-yield oil palm plantations. Low-yield plantations accounted for most expansion overall (80%), but only 30% of their expansion involved forest conversion, contrasting with 75% for high-yield expansion. High-yield expansion minimized the total area required to achieve production but counter-intuitively at higher expense to forests than low-yield plantations. The results show that high-yield agriculture is an important but insufficient strategy to reduce pressure on forests. We suggest that high-yield agriculture can be effective in sparing forests only if coupled with incentives for agricultural expansion into already cleared lands.
CitationGutiérrez-Vélez, V.H., DeFries, R., Pinedo-Vásquez, M., et al. (2011). High-yield oil palm expansion spares land at the expense of forests in the Peruvian Amazon. Environmental Research Letters. 6:5. https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/6/4/044029.
Citation to related workIOP Publishing
Has partEnvironmental Research Letters, Vol. 6, No. 4
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