On the mechanism of Townsend avalanche for negative molecular ions
Permanent link to this recordhttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12613/6056
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AbstractTime projection chambers drifting negative ions (NITPC) instead of electrons have several advantages. A NITPC can operate at very high reduced drift fields without diffusion runaway, and the readout digitization sampling rate requirement is considerably relaxed due to the low drift speed of negative ions. The initiation of Townsend avalanches to allow gas gain in these devices has not been understood until now. It is shown here that the avalanche in low pressure CS2 vapor is most likely initiated by collisional detachment of the electron from the negative molecular ion. In mixtures of nitromethane vapor with CO2 the mechanism appears to be more complex. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Citation to related workElsevier BV
Has partAstroparticle Physics
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