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dc.creatorShulman, EP
dc.creatorSmith, AR
dc.creatorSilva, K
dc.creatorIcenogle, G
dc.creatorDuell, N
dc.creatorChein, J
dc.creatorSteinberg, L
dc.date.accessioned2021-01-28T23:21:27Z
dc.date.available2021-01-28T23:21:27Z
dc.date.issued2016-02-01
dc.identifier.issn1878-9293
dc.identifier.issn1878-9307
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.34944/dspace/5131
dc.identifier.other26774291 (pubmed)
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12613/5149
dc.description.abstract© 2016 The Authors. According to the dual systems perspective, risk taking peaks during adolescence because activation of an early-maturing socioemotional-incentive processing system amplifies adolescents' affinity for exciting, pleasurable, and novel activities at a time when a still immature cognitive control system is not yet strong enough to consistently restrain potentially hazardous impulses. We review evidence from both the psychological and neuroimaging literatures that has emerged since 2008, when this perspective was originally articulated. Although there are occasional exceptions to the general trends, studies show that, as predicted, psychological and neural manifestations of reward sensitivity increase between childhood and adolescence, peak sometime during the late teen years, and decline thereafter, whereas psychological and neural reflections of better cognitive control increase gradually and linearly throughout adolescence and into the early 20s. While some forms of real-world risky behavior peak at a later age than predicted, this likely reflects differential opportunities for risk-taking in late adolescence and young adulthood, rather than neurobiological differences that make this age group more reckless. Although it is admittedly an oversimplification, as a heuristic device, the dual systems model provides a far more accurate account of adolescent risk taking than prior models that have attributed adolescent recklessness to cognitive deficiencies.
dc.format.extent103-117
dc.language.isoen
dc.relation.haspartDevelopmental Cognitive Neuroscience
dc.relation.isreferencedbyElsevier BV
dc.rightsCC BY-NC-ND
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
dc.subjectAdolescents
dc.subjectRisk taking
dc.subjectDual systems
dc.subjectSensation-seeking
dc.subjectReward sensitivity
dc.subjectCognitive control
dc.titleThe dual systems model: Review, reappraisal, and reaffirmation
dc.typeArticle
dc.type.genreReview
dc.type.genreJournal
dc.relation.doi10.1016/j.dcn.2015.12.010
dc.ada.noteFor Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) accommodation, including help with reading this content, please contact scholarshare@temple.edu
dc.date.updated2021-01-28T23:21:24Z
refterms.dateFOA2021-01-28T23:21:28Z


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