Sensorimotor Oscillations During a Reciprocal Touch Paradigm With a Human or Robot Partner
Permanent link to this recordhttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12613/43
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AbstractRobots provide an opportunity to extend research on the cognitive, perceptual, and neural processes involved in social interaction. This study examined how sensorimotor oscillatory electroencephalogram (EEG) activity can be influenced by the perceived nature of a task partner – human or robot – during a novel “reciprocal touch” paradigm. Twenty adult participants viewed a demonstration of a robot that could “feel” tactile stimulation through a haptic sensor on its hand and “see” changes in light through a photoreceptor at the level of the eyes; the robot responded to touch or changes in light by moving a contralateral digit. During EEG collection, participants engaged in a joint task that involved sending tactile stimulation to a partner (robot or human) and receiving tactile stimulation back. Tactile stimulation sent by the participant was initiated by a button press and was delivered 1500 ms later via an inflatable membrane on the hand of the human or on the haptic sensor of the robot partner. Stimulation to the participant’s finger (from the partner) was sent on a fixed schedule, regardless of partner type. We analyzed activity of the sensorimotor mu rhythm during anticipation of tactile stimulation to the right hand, comparing mu activity at central electrode sites when participants believed that tactile stimulation was initiated by a robot or a human, and to trials in which “nobody” received stimulation. There was a significant difference in contralateral mu rhythm activity between anticipating stimulation from a human partner and the “nobody” condition. This effect was less pronounced for anticipation of stimulation from the robot partner. Analyses also examined beta rhythm responses to the execution of the button press, comparing oscillatory activity when participants sent tactile stimulation to the robot or the human partner. The extent of beta rebound at frontocentral electrode sites following the button press differed between conditions, with a significantly larger increase in beta power when participants sent tactile stimulation to a robot partner compared to the human partner. This increase in beta power may reflect greater predictably in event outcomes. This new paradigm and the novel findings advance the neuroscientific study of human–robot interaction.
CitationSmyk NJ, Weiss SM and Marshall PJ (2018) Sensorimotor Oscillations During a Reciprocal Touch Paradigm With a Human or Robot Partner. Front. Psychol. 9:2280. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.02280
Citation to related workFrontiers
Has partFrontiers in Psychology, Vol. 9, Article number: 2280
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