• Sustainable and Efficient Rope Pump

      Ryan, Robert (Temple University. Libraries, 2012)
      In this era of great technological growth, there are still people that do not have a readily available supply of one of the most basic of needs, water. The main goal of Thirst Quenchers Inc. is development of a Sustainable and Efficient Rope Pump that provides access to potable water in rural areas worldwide with a volumetric output of 45 Liters/minute. The rope pump is the ideal method to tap the obtainable resource of fresh groundwater. When compared to other existing methods it is the more reliable, sanitary, and cost effective option. The simple design and use of local materials provide sustainability because of the ability to be locally maintained. Features such as an anticorrosive coating and concrete well covering ensure both minimal structural deformations and prevent negative effects on existing water quality. With the typical users being women and children it is important that no energy input goes to waste. Therefore the hydraulic efficiency of 75% with a user input of 75 Watts is a highlight of the pumps design. Thirst Quenchers Inc. is confident that the proposed rope pump will have a significant impact on areas with limited to no potable water with the sustainable and efficient design.
    • The Business of Beauty

      Toomey, Melissa (Temple University. Libraries, 2020)
      The Business of Beauty is a community site discussing female-geared companies and their portrayals of beauty. The site argues that, in order to empower women, female-geared companies should promote a healthy perspective of beauty by relaying that beauty is not the biggest achievement for women and advocating that everyone is beautiful. The site explores how companies and brands do this in their campaigns, examining photoshoots, websites, campaigns, and commercials of Aerie, Always, and Dove. Our purpose in examining these marketing strategies is so that we can deconstruct beauty standards, disconnect looks from worth, emphasize the other powerful parts of what makes women their best selves, and create a healthier perspective of beauty. Because this site is geared towards its viewers’ mental health and body image, The Business of Beauty offers a submission box for questions, suggestions, and art/writing on the topic.
    • The Current Political Climate and Its Effects on International Students in American Higher Education

      Pearson, Brad (Temple University. Libraries, 2019)
      This paper examines the political climate in order to determine if there is a correlation between the rhetoric and policies put into place by the American government and retention and admission of internationational students. Information about the government such as President Donald Trump’s policies are examined and included as evidence. This evidence is then checked against statistics of the retention and admission of international students to determine if there is an effect of the rhetoric utilized and policies put into place. This paper will first provide historical context of international students and compare it to the modern day landscape and then provide background of the current political climate in 2018. Lastly, this paper includes the effect international students have on American higher education. It is largely suggested that the United States will remain a leader in global education and that there will not be any large decreases in international student enrollment anytime soon; however, it is still important for a universities and policy makers to make students of all races, creed, ethnicity, religion, and sexuality feel welcome despite what the American government may portray.
    • The Diary of Sandra Washington: A Lens into the World of the Philadelphia Black Panthers

      Mislin, David; Temple University. Honors Program (Temple University. Libraries, 2020)
      This project is in the form of an “unessay” project about the Philadelphia chapter of the Black Panther Party during its most active years. Composed of five diary entries, the reader dives into life from the perspective of a fictional character named Sandra Washington. She is a 14–15-year-old girl from North Philadelphia during the years 1969-1971. Sandra, an aspiring writer, is fascinated with the Party because of their uncompromising commitment to social justice and fighting for equality. There were initial concerns about finding sufficient articles specifically about the Philadelphia chapter to write the diary entries, due to COINTELPRO and lack of documentation of BPP activities from its members. Fortunately, the secondary sources used for these diary entries described Panther activities were well supported with sources and respected the legacy of the organization. This project hopes to shed light on an important part of Philadelphia’s history and celebrate important community programs developed by its Panthers.
    • The Immigrant Parent Disadvantage: Parent Linguistic Capital and Student School Performance

      Zhao, Shanyang (Temple University. Libraries, 2017)
      Researchers, teachers and policy makers continue to wrestle with understanding why children of immigrants perform more poorly in school than their counterparts with native born parents. While parental involvement through checking of homework and participation in school events have been identified as relevant factors, the findings of research are not conclusive. This study re-examines the relationships of these two factors with school performance among the children of Spanish-speaking immigrants by introducing a third variable: parental English proficiency. The results reveal that after controlling for parental English proficiency, homework checking no longer has a significant impact and the effect of parental school involvement is reduced; English language abilities of parents, on the other hand, have a significant effect on student performance. This finding suggests that improving parental English proficiency and cultural awareness can produce a positive impact on the school performance of the children of non-native English speaking parents.
    • The Intersectionality of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women

      Scherer, Danielle (Temple University. Libraries, 2020)
      This article examines the conditions under which the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women (the Committee) evaluates an individual case brought against a state using an intersectional lens. It also analyzes the extent to which the Committee’s understanding of a state’s culture affects its evaluation of a case from an intersectional lens. As the global understanding of women’s rights begins to encompass a broader range of cultural perspectives and intersecting identities, understanding the jurisprudence of the Committee, which is responsible for interpreting the main international women’s rights treaty known as CEDAW, necessitates consideration for the extent to which the Committee incorporates this broader intersectional analysis into its legal reasoning. Utilizing concepts from literature on intersectionality and culture, the article analyzes the Committee’s legal reasoning in seven cases, comparing them by topic, by state, and by the Committee’s understanding of a state’s culture. It suggests the Committee is more likely to interpret the Convention using an intersectional framework when it identifies a state’s culture as a contributing factor to systemic discrimination against an individual’s intersecting identities, which it is more likely to do in cases involving non-Western states. This article will contribute to existing scholarship on the jurisprudence of CEDAW by integrating literature on intersectionality and culture to examine the Committee’s legal reasoning in individual decisions. It will also articulate the conditions under which individual women obtain justice for gender-based discrimination under CEDAW, shifting the focus of existing human rights literature from abstract theory to women’s lived experiences.
    • 'The Jews' and 'The Pharisees' in Early Quaker Polemic

      Watt, David Harrington (Temple University. Libraries, 2007)
    • The Murder at Cherry Hill

      Joshi, Priya (Temple University. Libraries, 2013)
    • The Neurobiology and Development of Compulsive Hoarding and Its Relationship to Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

      Woodruff-Pak, Diana S.; Olson, Ingrid (Temple University. Libraries, 2009)
      Compulsive hoarding disorder (CHD) is a psychological phenomenon in which the individual's created environment is a product of their internal state. Currently, CHD is generally considered to fall under the umbrella of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). However, recent neuropsychological evidence supports the hypothesis that CHD may best be characterized as a disorder separate from other forms of OCD. Not only does functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and positron emission tomography (PET) data show that compulsive hoarding may be a neurobiologically discreet syndrome, but recent evidence from genetic studies as well as inquiry into the development of pathological hoarding leads to findings that may implicate a distinct disorder with specific neuropsychological impairments. Thus far, CHD has been explored primarily within the confines of OCD, and therefore, the neurobiology and development of this syndrome will be discussed within this context. This review seeks to integrate the previous research in CHD with the most recent findings to create a thorough overview of this pathology.
    • This Side of Main Street

      Moore, Susan; Temple University. Diamond Research Scholars (Temple University. Libraries, 2016)
      There is a dream of a golden age of wholesomeness, prosperity, and peace portrayed in the paintings of pre-­‐WWII illustrators like Norman Rockwell and Jessie Wilcox Smith. These turn-­‐of-­‐the-­‐century artists created the world of Americana and provided the imagery that would become a worshiped mythology for future generations. This Side of Main Street explores this highly idealized era through painting and sculpture, while attempting to expose the realities of life, and understand Americans’ obsession with the past and our penchant for selective memory.
    • Treatment of Drinking Water Using Polymeric Sorbents

      Zhang, Judy (Temple University. Libraries, 2012)
      Ongoing research suggests that the occurrence of pharmaceutical compounds in the environment has become a growing concern. Without a sufficient method of removing pharmaceutical compounds, there has been an increase in levels of antibiotics within our water systems. Research suggests that an accumulating level of antibiotics from human and animal wastes is widespread. Toxicity levels remain largely unknown but a cost effective treatment method must be developed should the pharmaceutical compounds prove to be hazardous. Our goal is to address this problem by using polymer sorbents that can cost effectively remove antibiotics from drinking water. Polymeric adsorbents work by adsorbing hydrophobic and hydrophilic molecules such as antibiotics from water using a high surface area with both continuous pore and polymer phases. Column experiments will be carried out to test the efficiency of the selected polymeric sorbents towards the removal of antibodies present in the water. The size, flow rate, capacity, and regeneration of the column will be designed to be cost effective while removing the maximum amount of potentially hazardous antibiotics. The final result is a small-scale model that can be scaled up for full-size drinking water treatment operations.
    • Two Guns for the Reds: Bessie Burchett, Antisemitism, and Far-Right Philadelphia

      Glasson, Travis (Temple University. Libraries, 2021)
      "Despite its nickname as the “City of Brotherly Love,” Philadelphia saw a disturbing rise of far-right activism during the 1930s. On the frontlines, women saw their place as defenders of children, religion, and the American gender hierarchy against the Red Menace. Philadelphia’s most well-known female, right-wing agitator at this time was Dr. Bessie Burchett. In 1935, armed with two guns under her skirt and a PhD from the University of Pennsylvania, the high school Latin teacher would declare the Philadelphia public school system compromised by Jewish-Communist infiltration, and institute her own local Red Scare. Though the school system was embarrassed by her, and Philadelphia newspapers mocked her incessantly, Bessie Burchett was not alone in her crusade. Burchett’s critics dismissed her politics as fringe, hysterical, and Un-American, but she represented a trend of women’s increasing participation in far right politics. More importantly, Burchett became a cautionary tale for the conservative movement in the United States, particularly after the Second World War. While her obvious Nazi sympathies left few opportunities for vindication following the war, many of her ideas survived in hibernation through mainstream conservatism. This paper follows the life and career of Bessie Burchett through newspaper coverage, the police files of Detective Sergeant Jacob H. Gomborow, and Burchett’s manifesto, Education For Destruction, which outlines her views on communism in the schools, religion, and pride in one’s race."
    • Using Green Infrastructure to Minimize Combined Sewer Overflows

      Danowsky, Joseph (Temple University. Libraries, 2016)
      This project addresses the problems posed by combined sewer systems in high-density urban environments, and aims to minimize combined sewer overflows through an innovative green infrastructure solution. In order to identify the best solution, bioretention basins, green roofs, and permeable pavement were analyzed according to the following criteria: runoff volume reduction, peak flowrate reduction, pollutant treatment rates, greenhouse gas emissions contribution, cost effectiveness, and implementation feasibility. Bioretention basins were found to perform best in almost all criteria considered. Thus, implementation of bioretention basins is the proposed solution. Bioretention has significant potential in cost savings, as well as positive impact on the local economy, and environmental and social benefits.
    • Using Nanoparticle Drug Delivery Mechanisms to Improve Eye Moisture Over Extended Periods of Contact Lens Wear

      Danowsky, Joseph; Temple University. Honors Program (Temple University. Libraries, 2017)
      Millions of people around the world suffer from dry eye symptoms as a result of extended contact lens wear. The objective of this design document is to engineer a solution for chronic dry eyes. The solution must be safe, effective, easy to use, and affordable. The goal of the treatment is to decrease tear film osmolarity by 20 mOsmol/L. Three types of nanotechnologies were considered for this task. The candidate solutions were 1) hydrogel contact lenses infused with lubricant-loaded liposomes, 2) lubricantloaded microemulsions applied as eye drops, and 3) lubricant-loaded niosomes applied as eye drops. All solutions use polyethylene glycol 400 as the primary active ingredient in the lubricant. The three solutions provide a safe treatment option that allows increased bioavailability of drug and increased retention time, as well as controlled release of drug. A combination of candidates 1 and 3 – namely, hydrogel contact lenses infused with lubricant-loaded niosomes – seems to be the best solution because of excellent drug delivery kinetics and minimal safety concerns. The success of this project would encourage further research in niosome-based and contact lens-based drug delivery. It would also allow this company to expand research and development and further specialize in ocular drug delivery.
    • (Z)-Selective Isomerization of Terminal Alkenes using an air-stable Mo(0) Complex

      Dobereiner, Graham; Temple University. Diamond Research Scholars (Temple University. Libraries, 2018)
      Terminal olefin isomerization with transition metal catalysts has emerged in the past decade as a useful means of generating regio- and stereo-selective internal alkenes. In this work, an array of previously characterized and uncharacterized molybdenum(0) phosphine complexes were synthesized and tested by their ability to catalyze olefin isomerization for a variety of reagents. When coupled with co-catalytic acid (TsOH), these catalysts—specifically the cis-Mo(CO)4(PPh3)2 complex—generally produced an excess of the higher energy (Z)-2-alkene isomer from terminal olefin substrates with state-of-the-art selectivity. Importantly, the Mo(0) complexes examined herein are air-stable, simple to produce and isolate, and demonstrate activity with low catalytic loading (0.5%) and under mild conditions (66 °C in THF). This practicality may extend their use to the organic synthesis of fine chemicals without the generation of significant reagent or solvent waste. Furthermore, the activity and unique selectivity observed with these catalysts should encourage further inquiry into other molybdenum-mediated reactions involving olefins.