• Cracking Consensus: The Dominican Intervention, Public Opinion and Advocacy Organizations in the 1960s

      Goedde, Petra; Temple University. Honors Program (Temple University. Libraries, 2011)
    • No Enemies to the Left: The Communist Party of the United States and Crises of International Communism, 1956-1968

      Goedde, Petra; Temple University. Honors Program (Temple University. Libraries, 2012)
    • Sustainable and Efficient Rope Pump

      Ryan, Robert (Temple University. Libraries, 2012)
      In this era of great technological growth, there are still people that do not have a readily available supply of one of the most basic of needs, water. The main goal of Thirst Quenchers Inc. is development of a Sustainable and Efficient Rope Pump that provides access to potable water in rural areas worldwide with a volumetric output of 45 Liters/minute. The rope pump is the ideal method to tap the obtainable resource of fresh groundwater. When compared to other existing methods it is the more reliable, sanitary, and cost effective option. The simple design and use of local materials provide sustainability because of the ability to be locally maintained. Features such as an anticorrosive coating and concrete well covering ensure both minimal structural deformations and prevent negative effects on existing water quality. With the typical users being women and children it is important that no energy input goes to waste. Therefore the hydraulic efficiency of 75% with a user input of 75 Watts is a highlight of the pumps design. Thirst Quenchers Inc. is confident that the proposed rope pump will have a significant impact on areas with limited to no potable water with the sustainable and efficient design.
    • Treatment of Drinking Water Using Polymeric Sorbents

      Zhang, Judy (Temple University. Libraries, 2012)
      Ongoing research suggests that the occurrence of pharmaceutical compounds in the environment has become a growing concern. Without a sufficient method of removing pharmaceutical compounds, there has been an increase in levels of antibiotics within our water systems. Research suggests that an accumulating level of antibiotics from human and animal wastes is widespread. Toxicity levels remain largely unknown but a cost effective treatment method must be developed should the pharmaceutical compounds prove to be hazardous. Our goal is to address this problem by using polymer sorbents that can cost effectively remove antibiotics from drinking water. Polymeric adsorbents work by adsorbing hydrophobic and hydrophilic molecules such as antibiotics from water using a high surface area with both continuous pore and polymer phases. Column experiments will be carried out to test the efficiency of the selected polymeric sorbents towards the removal of antibodies present in the water. The size, flow rate, capacity, and regeneration of the column will be designed to be cost effective while removing the maximum amount of potentially hazardous antibiotics. The final result is a small-scale model that can be scaled up for full-size drinking water treatment operations.
    • From Classroom to Battlefield: The Role of Students in the Closing of Carlisle Indian Industrial School, 1918

      Isenberg, Andrew C. (Andrew Christian); Temple University. Honors Program (Temple University. Libraries, 2012)
    • A Crisis of Identity: Advertising & the British Ministry of Information's Propaganda Posters of World War II

      Immerman, Richard H.; Temple University. Honors Program (Temple University. Libraries, 2012)
    • “¡Represión!”: Punk Resistance and the Culture of Silence in the Southern Cone, 1978-1990

      Bailey, Beth L.; Temple University. Honors Program (Temple University. Libraries, 2013)
    • Miasma and the Formation of Greek Cities

      Roy, C. Sydnor (Temple University. Libraries, 2013)
    • The Murder at Cherry Hill

      Joshi, Priya (Temple University. Libraries, 2013)
    • Deforestation and the spread of non-native species

      Sewall, Brent; Reuter, Kim E. (Temple University. Libraries, 2013)
      Over ninety percent of Madagascar’s original forests have been deforested, and the population of Madagascar has doubled in the past forty years, further exacerbating problems of local, unsustainable forest use. While research on Madagascar's endemic species is common, less information is known about its non-native species and the increasing effects they have on local biodiversity as the forest becomes more degraded. This study aimed to fill this gap in knowledge. We collected data on human forest use and the presence/absence of five non-native plant species: Mangifera indica, (cultivated) Albizia lebbeck (cultivated), Mucuna pruriens (non-cultivated), Lantana camara (non-cultivated), Tamarindus indica (origin unknown) in and around the periphery of the Ankarana National Park, northern Madagascar. Data was collected systematically along transects across three different forest types which ranged low to high human disturbance. We found that the presence of historically cultivated non-native species positively correlated with human disturbance. In contrast, historically non-cultivated species did not show this correlation to human disturbance levels. Our results indicate that anthropogenic modification of habitats could impacts the densities and spread of cultivated species. This study increases understanding of the negative effects that humans have on densities of non-native species in disturbed habitats, the effects of roads and human access points, and illustrates the importance of natural history knowledge of non-native species regarding their anthropogenic cultivation histories.
    • Fungal diseases in wildlife: emerging threats from pathogenic fungi

      Sewall, Brent (Temple University. Libraries, 2014)
      Since 1970 there has been a steady rise in infectious disease cases in wildlife and emerging fungal pathogens, even when controlling for reporting bias. Two of the more visible emerging fungal diseases-- chytridiomycosis in amphibians and white-nose syndrome in bats-- have caused unprecedented die-offs of wildlife populations around the globe, threatening biodiversity and ecosystem services. Here we clarify factors associated with fatality from fungal disease in order to shed light on the dynamics of these pathogens and their wildlife hosts and discuss how these factors can be used to advise and prioritize conservation approaches.
    • Ambiguous Attacks on Democracy in Europe and the Americas: What can intergovernmental organizations do?

      Pollack, Mark; Temple University. Honors Program (Temple University. Libraries, 2014)
      Past the time of traditional coups, today’s would-be dictators are seeking out more ambiguous ways to undercut democracy. These norm violations are often difficult to identify, and sometimes are conceived of as less threatening to outsiders. So, what can an intergovernmental organization do if its member states begin to violate common democratic norms in an ambiguous way? While some have claimed IGO action is determined by the violating state’s power or the pressure of third parties, few have explored the influence of an IGO’s structure and design on its decision to enforce norms. This paper explores some ambiguous measures being taken to undermine democracy, and seeks to disaggregate the complex process of IGO norm enforcement and subject the moving parts to initial scrutiny. In this paper, I assess the impact of five IGO characteristics on its decision to enforce democratic norms in member states: IGO composition or democratic density, democratic norm legalization, enforcement provisions, voting rules in the IGO’s intergovernmental branches, and delegation to the IGO’s supranational bodies. I develop six, independent hypotheses, relating one IGO characteristic to one aspect of the decision-making process. Using a pattern matching research design, I conduct a comparative case-study analysis of the Peruvian autogolpe facing the Organization of American States in 1992 and the Hungarian constitutional crisis challenging the European Union today to test each variable’s predicted effect.
    • Pigs in the Promised Land

      Ratzman, Elliot; Temple University. Honors Program (Temple University. Libraries, 2014)
    • How does land-use and climate change affect soil organic carbon stocks and processes in temperate grasslands?

      Toran, Laura (Temple University. Libraries, 2014)
      Climate and land use changes have significant consequences on the global carbon (C) cycle. Changes to the C cycle in soils of temperate grasslands are important to consider because they often comprise regions of human agriculture and they may significantly alter global C cycles for hundreds to thousands of years. Experiments in temperate grasslands around Western Europe, Northern China, and the United States have shown either slight increases in soil organic carbon (SOC) stocks or no net change over the 20th century, possibly due to increased CO2 stimulating plant growth, in turn offsetting increased SOC loss via soil respiration. There is little consensus in the scientific community over what causes these effects. Experiments testing hypothesis on some SOC factors, such as soil microbial communities, have yielded inconclusive or conflicting results. Uncertainties and lack of inclusion of certain SOC dynamics and experimental variables may explain why model simulations show widely varying predictions of future global and regional SOC stocks and dynamics.
    • 'Men of instinct, impetuousness, and action': chivalry and the Anglo-Norman invasion of Ireland

      Glasson, Travis; Temple University. Honors Program (Temple University. Libraries, 2015)
    • Exploring the food hub network of Philadelphia

      Howe, Deborah A.; Temple University. Diamond Research Scholars (Temple University. Libraries, 2015)
    • Explaining variations in treaty entry into force thresholds

      Bush, Sarah S. (Temple University. Libraries, 2015)
      It is widely known that treaties have different stipulations on when they come into force. Unfortunately, current research on treaty design has offered no substantial explanation on why treaties have different entry into force (EIF) thresholds. I argue that variations in EIF thresholds are the result of the issue area of the treaty. Specifically, issue areas that face greater potential for collective action problems have the highest EIF threshold as a result of the rational design choice of states to protect themselves from free riders and strengthen the effectiveness of the treaty. I test my argument using original data from coding treaty EIF thresholds along four issue areas and on the EIF negotiations for the 1996 Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty.
    • Rethinking conservation goals for North America's gray wolves

      Toran, Laura (Temple University. Libraries, 2015)
      Gray wolves (Canis lupis) were extirpated from the continental United States in the early 1900’s. During the 1970’s wolves began dispersing into Montana and they were immediately placed under the protection of the Endangered Species Act. Reintroduction areas were established for the wolves in the Northern Rocky Mountains, West of the Great Lakes, and in the Southwest. Between 2008 and 2013 wolf populations across the country we systematically removed from the Endangered Species Act, now only the Southwestern Mexican gray wolf remains protected. The threshold which determined the removal, or delisting, of gray wolves from the act was arbitrarily contrived. When determining the protection status of these wolves ecological services and issues with long term persistence should be considered. Gray wolf introduction promotes tree growth and recruitment providing an essential role as a buffer against climate change. Wolves are also at risk after they were delisted both from interactions with humans and genetic isolation. New areas for reintroduction were suggested for the still protected Mexican gray wolf in suitable areas of the southwest where connected metapopulations could be established. Grey wolves were once found nationwide, therefore the goal of gray wolf conservation should be to promote a large range for wolves which extends across the nations. This could restore the historic gene flow dynamics which gray wolves had in the U.S and provide extensive biological carbon sequestration.