• Gender and Jazz: The Experience of Young Women in Jazz Education

      Davis, James Earl, 1960-; Temple University. Diamond Research Scholars (Temple University. Libraries, 2021)
      The number of young women who participate in instrumental high school jazz education programs peaks in middle school, then drops precipitously throughout the high school years. Most high school jazz bands are populated by only a small percentage of female instrumentalists by the later years of high school. These percentages drop still further when examining female instrumental participation in jazz performance at the college level. While this disparity is well documented, efforts to understand and address the issue have lacked the perspective of the young women instrumentalists taking part in these programs.This qualitative research study, based on in-depth interviews with 16 young female instrumentalists, taking part in high school jazz education programs in different regions of the US and Canada, examines ‘band culture’ from the perspective of young women participants. The result is a portrait of their experience and an analysis of key issues relevant to the challenge of creating jazz education environments that sustain and support everyone.
    • Gender Quotas as Strategy: Exploring the Relationship Among International Perceptions of Democracy, Transnational Influence, and Female Representation in Sub-Saharan Africa

      Bush, Sarah S. (Temple University. Libraries, 2018)
      Do countries that adopt parliamentary gender quotas do so as strategy in response to global pressure to improve the international perception of their democratic progress? Rwanda’s 2000 constitution called for a quota, and since then there has been a trend across Sub-Saharan Africa to “fast-track” women’s legislative representation. There has been a significant amount of literature on the use of quotas as signaling devices by autocratic regimes to indicate democratic progress. I argue that there is a gap in the scholarship on whether or not strategic gender quotas are efficient tools in achieving the regime’s intentions of appearing more democratic by the international community. I explore this relationship through both a case study of Rwanda as an extreme sample case, and descriptive analyses of certain data across countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, including Freedom House Freedom Scores. Using statistical test methods and comparing sample groups of countries that have and have not adopted quotas, I find evidence to substantiate prevailing theories of signaling. Countries that adopted quotas had higher percentages of women in parliament, ranked higher for female representation, and saw their Freedom Scores improve more over time, compared to the countries that did not have quotas. Further findings are assessed.
    • Girl, Translated

      Samponaro, Laura (Temple University. Libraries, 2009)
    • 'Glory of Yet Another Kind': The Evolution & Politics of First-Wave Queer Activism, 1867-1924

      Lowe, Hilary I.; Temple University. Honors Program (Temple University. Libraries, 2016)
    • Harvesting Stormwater for Urban Farm Irrigation

      Picone, Joseph; Ryan, Robert (Temple University. Libraries, 2011)
      Rainwater control and reuse contributes to a healthier environment, especially in urban regions. A rainwater harvesting system was designed for an urban farm located in the Germantown section of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. This design includes a transport mechanism to convey captured rainwater from the roof, approximately 2350 ft2, to a constructed wetland system, where it will be treated. The water, treated to EPA non-potable reuse standards, will then be stored or transported by pumping to the adjacent half-acre farm to irrigate the crops. When the system fills, overflow is controlled and directed to the combined sewer system. Research has shown elevated heavy metals concentrations in runoff coming from aging roof structures; these concentrations can be reduced substantially through treatment in a constructed wetland. Onsite treatment of rainwater reduces the farmers’ dependency on municipal water resources and usage costs. Additional benefits of this system are reducing the hydraulic load and improving water quality of runoff from the property into Philadelphia’s combined sewer system.
    • How does land-use and climate change affect soil organic carbon stocks and processes in temperate grasslands?

      Toran, Laura (Temple University. Libraries, 2014)
      Climate and land use changes have significant consequences on the global carbon (C) cycle. Changes to the C cycle in soils of temperate grasslands are important to consider because they often comprise regions of human agriculture and they may significantly alter global C cycles for hundreds to thousands of years. Experiments in temperate grasslands around Western Europe, Northern China, and the United States have shown either slight increases in soil organic carbon (SOC) stocks or no net change over the 20th century, possibly due to increased CO2 stimulating plant growth, in turn offsetting increased SOC loss via soil respiration. There is little consensus in the scientific community over what causes these effects. Experiments testing hypothesis on some SOC factors, such as soil microbial communities, have yielded inconclusive or conflicting results. Uncertainties and lack of inclusion of certain SOC dynamics and experimental variables may explain why model simulations show widely varying predictions of future global and regional SOC stocks and dynamics.
    • Immigrant Children and School

      Levi, Heather, 1962- (Temple University. Libraries, 2021)
    • Interstate Station Stop: A Voyage into the American Frontier Myth

      Pron, John J.; Patel, Sneha; Wingert-Playdon, Kate; Cleveland, Kate (Temple University. Libraries, 2006)
      The myth of the frontier has been a recurrent theme within American history . The seductive and provocative nature of the American landscape, a great burgeoning wilderness open to the planting of dreams, has been an inspiration to many pioneering spirits ever since the first European explorers landed on the continent. The myth that has developed around the construct of the landscape is one that holds great hope in its realization of democratic institutions and opportunity. Yet its very nature is one of a violent imposition, eradicating previous systems to allow for the emergence of a new order, an order of pragmatically-driven and profit-motivated consumption that views the land as a means of extracting utility and commodity with little recognition of its potential for an enhanced transcendental resonance. Surrounded by the hyperrealism of the American way of life, the road traveler cruising westward in hope of the fulfillment of promise finds a revelation within the desert. Here, in the desert of the American west, in the land passage journeyed before by so many previous pilgrims of the American experience, the traveler can find temporary fulfillment and hope. The emergence of a place of contemplation, personal reflection, and human connection on the horizon proves to be an architectural realization of the mythic American promise. This quick station stop, manifesting itself as a highway rest area, acts as a mediating experience for transcendent reflection upon the hope that can be found somewhere within the depths ofthe vast surface of the American Dream.
    • K-pop Subculture International Impact

      Misra, Rupananda (Temple University. Libraries, 2017)
      The overall purpose of this study was to gain a more in depth understanding of the conditions in which k-pop spread internationally. We initially knew that k-pop was an extremely popular sensation in Asian countries, specifically because it originated in South Korea. Interestingly, research on the methods in which k-pop spread globally provided information on the Korean Wave. The problems we researched focused on the specific ways and influences that k-pop had on countries. Instead of only focusing on South Korea and its neighboring Asian countries, we broadened our search globally. Some major findings we encountered were discovering how k-pop transformed into a worldwide phenomenon. As aforementioned, the Korean Wave was behind this transformation. Including k-pop, the Korean Wave spread k-media in general. In addition, learning about the culture behind k-pop and the realization that it was unique but also like other cultures in some ways. Particularly, the ways that k-pop fans socialize and gather in conventions, like anime. In addition, fans interact similarly, whether based in Korea or elsewhere.
    • Keystone of the Keystone: The Falls of the Delaware and Bucks County 1609-1692

      Krueger, Rita; Glasson, Travis (Temple University. Libraries, 2010)
    • Kol Isha Atop the Mechitza: Finding a Women's Voice in Jewish Transgender Activism

      Alpert, Rebecca (Temple University. Libraries, 2020)
      Just over a decade ago, the seminal anthology “Balancing on the Mechitza” marked the start of an era of tremendous growth in Jewish transgender life and activism. This paper explores how this movement has experienced its own form of “kol isha,” the restriction placed on Jewish women’s voices within traditional Jewish law. By applying parallels that the author finds in the work and experiences of Jewish lesbian-feminists, and in particular reading the Jewish lesbian anthology “Nice Jewish Girls” against “Balancing on the Mechitza,” the author attempts to forward insights about the ways in which Jewish trans activism has brought limited liberation for Jewish trans women. It explores what Jewish trans spaces might be able to learn from this history to further liberation not only for trans women, but for Jewish women more broadly. Utilizing the feminist concept that an author’s own position is not only inevitably represented within the work, but also of critical importance, it bridges this theoretical analysis with the authors experiences in Jewish trans spaces and advocates material changes to how these spaces are organized—including the democratization of power and authority, a renewed focus on the gendered division of labor, and a prioritization and exploration of women’s practices, both traditional and innovative. Drawing upon the work of Black feminists, it emphasizes the challenging nature of coalition work, and advocates a shared empathy and compassionate accountability between marginalized groups which inevitably replicate systems of oppression which they do not create. Rephrasing a question by Jewish lesbian-feminist Irena Klepfisz asked about Jewish lesbian oppression in the lesbian movement, it both proposes and explores: do I feel that by asking other trans people to deal with misogyny or transphobia I am draining the movement of precious energy that would be better used elsewhere? In doing so, it attempts to claim space for a woman’s voice.
    • Material Layering for Impact Mitigation in Football Helmets

      Danowsky, Joseph; Temple University. Honors Program (Temple University. Libraries, 2020)
      This proposal includes an analysis of three methods of material layering for impact mitigation in football helmets: a system that tunes pressure waves to a damping frequency of a viscoelastic layer, a four-layered system equipped with a soft external shell that can bend and compress with rotational and linear impacts, and a system that makes use of an open-cell foam impregnated with a non-Newtonian fluid. The methods were chosen because of their shared focus on dissipating the pressure and impulse of a collision, and this serves as the primary basis of comparison. Additionally, this proposal will thoroughly analyze the material selection and function of each layer within the helmet as a whole for each solution. After being compared on the basis of several criteria, the design of the Vicis ZERO1 is proposed as the most effective means of material layering for impact mitigation in a football helmet. While a focus on selecting a helmet with a focus on impact mitigation will not eliminate the risk of concussion, it will certainly help to reduce it.
    • 'Men of instinct, impetuousness, and action': chivalry and the Anglo-Norman invasion of Ireland

      Glasson, Travis; Temple University. Honors Program (Temple University. Libraries, 2015)
    • Miasma and the Formation of Greek Cities

      Roy, C. Sydnor (Temple University. Libraries, 2013)
    • Minimizing Cell Death During the Extrusion Bioprinting of Gelatin-Alginate Bioinks

      Danowsky, Joseph (Temple University. Libraries, 2021)
      This proposal seeks to minimize cell death while extrusion bioprinting with a gelatin-alginate bioink. Extrusion bioprinting was chosen over other types of bioprinting due to its accessibility and cost to researchers. Two different nozzles, cylindrical and conical, are examined to determine a mechanical aspect of extrusion bioprinting that can be modified to greatly minimize the cell death of bioprinted scaffolds. Gelatin-algiate bioinks can vary in concentration, and this concentration was also varied as a candidate solution to obtain the optimal concentration while maintaining a high cell survivability. The conical nozzle was chosen as the optimal printing nozzle with low shear stress, low cell damage, and highest cell viability. The 4% gelatin 5% alginate bioink was chosen as the optimal bioink concentration with optimal viscosity and high cell viability. Together, the use of this nozzle and this concentration bioink will greatly minimize the cell damage that occurs during extrusion bioprinting, boosting the quality of extrusion printing, and making it all-around more viable. Extrusion bioprinting, due to its improved cell death percentage, will be utilized more often by researchers – this will potentially accelerate the innovation of bioprinting as an overall technology towards the final goal of bioprinting a fully functioning organ.
    • Monumental Change

      Weatherston, Kristine (Temple University. Libraries, 2018)
      Monumental Change tells the story of Monument Cemetery, a prominent cemetery in the heart of North Philadelphia that was destroyed in the 1950s, where traces of its past can still be found throughout the city. With the cemetery as a backdrop, the film explores North Philadelphia’s history of expansion, gentrification, and how the removal of the dead in the 1950s echoes the removal of the living today.
    • Mother Internet : Blessed Virgin : A Coming of Age Story

      McCarthy, Pattie; Temple University. Diamond Research Scholars (Temple University. Libraries, 2016)
    • No Enemies to the Left: The Communist Party of the United States and Crises of International Communism, 1956-1968

      Goedde, Petra; Temple University. Honors Program (Temple University. Libraries, 2012)