• Emotion and Gender in Reasoning and Decision Making

      Overton, Willis F. (Temple University. Libraries, 2005)
      This study addresses three issues: (1) whether there is a relation between reasoning and decision making performance, (2) whether general levels of positive or negative emotion predict reasoning or decision making performance, and (3) whether there are gender differences in reasoning or decision making performance. Undergraduate students were assessed with three measures: the Selection Task, the Iowa Gambling Task, and the PANAS questionnaire were used to assess reasoning, decision making, and general emotion, respectively. The results suggest that a positive relation exists between decision making and reasoning performance, that general levels of emotion predict neither reasoning performance nor decision making performance, and that there are significant gender differences in decision making performance, favoring males, but not in reasoning performance. It is concluded that similar processes appear to underlie both reasoning and decision making, that general levels of emotion do not predict reasoning or decision making performance, and that the gender difference observed for decision making performance is likely related to the way the Iowa Gambling Task is approached.
    • Ending the 'Inhuman Traffic': The Role of Humanitarianism in the British Abolition Movement

      Glasson, Travis; Biddick, Kathleen (Temple University. Libraries, 2007)
    • Explaining variations in treaty entry into force thresholds

      Bush, Sarah S. (Temple University. Libraries, 2015)
      It is widely known that treaties have different stipulations on when they come into force. Unfortunately, current research on treaty design has offered no substantial explanation on why treaties have different entry into force (EIF) thresholds. I argue that variations in EIF thresholds are the result of the issue area of the treaty. Specifically, issue areas that face greater potential for collective action problems have the highest EIF threshold as a result of the rational design choice of states to protect themselves from free riders and strengthen the effectiveness of the treaty. I test my argument using original data from coding treaty EIF thresholds along four issue areas and on the EIF negotiations for the 1996 Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty.
    • Exploring the food hub network of Philadelphia

      Howe, Deborah A.; Temple University. Diamond Research Scholars (Temple University. Libraries, 2015)
    • Fenianism In Irish Catholic Philadelphia: The American Catholic Church's Battle for Acceptance

      Goedde, Petra; Varon, Elizabeth R.; Temple University. Honors Program (Temple University. Libraries, 2008)
    • From Civil Rights to Women's Liberation: Women's Rights in SDS and SNCC, 1960-1980

      Glasson, Travis; Temple University. Honors Program (Temple University. Libraries, 2019)
    • From Classroom to Battlefield: The Role of Students in the Closing of Carlisle Indian Industrial School, 1918

      Isenberg, Andrew C. (Andrew Christian); Temple University. Honors Program (Temple University. Libraries, 2012)
    • Fungal diseases in wildlife: emerging threats from pathogenic fungi

      Sewall, Brent (Temple University. Libraries, 2014)
      Since 1970 there has been a steady rise in infectious disease cases in wildlife and emerging fungal pathogens, even when controlling for reporting bias. Two of the more visible emerging fungal diseases-- chytridiomycosis in amphibians and white-nose syndrome in bats-- have caused unprecedented die-offs of wildlife populations around the globe, threatening biodiversity and ecosystem services. Here we clarify factors associated with fatality from fungal disease in order to shed light on the dynamics of these pathogens and their wildlife hosts and discuss how these factors can be used to advise and prioritize conservation approaches.
    • Gender and Jazz: The Experience of Young Women in Jazz Education

      Davis, James Earl, 1960-; Temple University. Diamond Research Scholars (Temple University. Libraries, 2021)
      The number of young women who participate in instrumental high school jazz education programs peaks in middle school, then drops precipitously throughout the high school years. Most high school jazz bands are populated by only a small percentage of female instrumentalists by the later years of high school. These percentages drop still further when examining female instrumental participation in jazz performance at the college level. While this disparity is well documented, efforts to understand and address the issue have lacked the perspective of the young women instrumentalists taking part in these programs.This qualitative research study, based on in-depth interviews with 16 young female instrumentalists, taking part in high school jazz education programs in different regions of the US and Canada, examines ‘band culture’ from the perspective of young women participants. The result is a portrait of their experience and an analysis of key issues relevant to the challenge of creating jazz education environments that sustain and support everyone.
    • Gender Quotas as Strategy: Exploring the Relationship Among International Perceptions of Democracy, Transnational Influence, and Female Representation in Sub-Saharan Africa

      Bush, Sarah S. (Temple University. Libraries, 2018)
      Do countries that adopt parliamentary gender quotas do so as strategy in response to global pressure to improve the international perception of their democratic progress? Rwanda’s 2000 constitution called for a quota, and since then there has been a trend across Sub-Saharan Africa to “fast-track” women’s legislative representation. There has been a significant amount of literature on the use of quotas as signaling devices by autocratic regimes to indicate democratic progress. I argue that there is a gap in the scholarship on whether or not strategic gender quotas are efficient tools in achieving the regime’s intentions of appearing more democratic by the international community. I explore this relationship through both a case study of Rwanda as an extreme sample case, and descriptive analyses of certain data across countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, including Freedom House Freedom Scores. Using statistical test methods and comparing sample groups of countries that have and have not adopted quotas, I find evidence to substantiate prevailing theories of signaling. Countries that adopted quotas had higher percentages of women in parliament, ranked higher for female representation, and saw their Freedom Scores improve more over time, compared to the countries that did not have quotas. Further findings are assessed.
    • Girl, Translated

      Samponaro, Laura (Temple University. Libraries, 2009)
    • 'Glory of Yet Another Kind': The Evolution & Politics of First-Wave Queer Activism, 1867-1924

      Lowe, Hilary I.; Temple University. Honors Program (Temple University. Libraries, 2016)
    • Harvesting Stormwater for Urban Farm Irrigation

      Picone, Joseph; Ryan, Robert (Temple University. Libraries, 2011)
      Rainwater control and reuse contributes to a healthier environment, especially in urban regions. A rainwater harvesting system was designed for an urban farm located in the Germantown section of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. This design includes a transport mechanism to convey captured rainwater from the roof, approximately 2350 ft2, to a constructed wetland system, where it will be treated. The water, treated to EPA non-potable reuse standards, will then be stored or transported by pumping to the adjacent half-acre farm to irrigate the crops. When the system fills, overflow is controlled and directed to the combined sewer system. Research has shown elevated heavy metals concentrations in runoff coming from aging roof structures; these concentrations can be reduced substantially through treatment in a constructed wetland. Onsite treatment of rainwater reduces the farmers’ dependency on municipal water resources and usage costs. Additional benefits of this system are reducing the hydraulic load and improving water quality of runoff from the property into Philadelphia’s combined sewer system.
    • How does land-use and climate change affect soil organic carbon stocks and processes in temperate grasslands?

      Toran, Laura (Temple University. Libraries, 2014)
      Climate and land use changes have significant consequences on the global carbon (C) cycle. Changes to the C cycle in soils of temperate grasslands are important to consider because they often comprise regions of human agriculture and they may significantly alter global C cycles for hundreds to thousands of years. Experiments in temperate grasslands around Western Europe, Northern China, and the United States have shown either slight increases in soil organic carbon (SOC) stocks or no net change over the 20th century, possibly due to increased CO2 stimulating plant growth, in turn offsetting increased SOC loss via soil respiration. There is little consensus in the scientific community over what causes these effects. Experiments testing hypothesis on some SOC factors, such as soil microbial communities, have yielded inconclusive or conflicting results. Uncertainties and lack of inclusion of certain SOC dynamics and experimental variables may explain why model simulations show widely varying predictions of future global and regional SOC stocks and dynamics.
    • Immigrant Children and School

      Levi, Heather, 1962- (Temple University. Libraries, 2021)
    • Interstate Station Stop: A Voyage into the American Frontier Myth

      Pron, John J.; Patel, Sneha; Wingert-Playdon, Kate; Cleveland, Kate (Temple University. Libraries, 2006)
      The myth of the frontier has been a recurrent theme within American history . The seductive and provocative nature of the American landscape, a great burgeoning wilderness open to the planting of dreams, has been an inspiration to many pioneering spirits ever since the first European explorers landed on the continent. The myth that has developed around the construct of the landscape is one that holds great hope in its realization of democratic institutions and opportunity. Yet its very nature is one of a violent imposition, eradicating previous systems to allow for the emergence of a new order, an order of pragmatically-driven and profit-motivated consumption that views the land as a means of extracting utility and commodity with little recognition of its potential for an enhanced transcendental resonance. Surrounded by the hyperrealism of the American way of life, the road traveler cruising westward in hope of the fulfillment of promise finds a revelation within the desert. Here, in the desert of the American west, in the land passage journeyed before by so many previous pilgrims of the American experience, the traveler can find temporary fulfillment and hope. The emergence of a place of contemplation, personal reflection, and human connection on the horizon proves to be an architectural realization of the mythic American promise. This quick station stop, manifesting itself as a highway rest area, acts as a mediating experience for transcendent reflection upon the hope that can be found somewhere within the depths ofthe vast surface of the American Dream.
    • K-pop Subculture International Impact

      Misra, Rupananda (Temple University. Libraries, 2017)
      The overall purpose of this study was to gain a more in depth understanding of the conditions in which k-pop spread internationally. We initially knew that k-pop was an extremely popular sensation in Asian countries, specifically because it originated in South Korea. Interestingly, research on the methods in which k-pop spread globally provided information on the Korean Wave. The problems we researched focused on the specific ways and influences that k-pop had on countries. Instead of only focusing on South Korea and its neighboring Asian countries, we broadened our search globally. Some major findings we encountered were discovering how k-pop transformed into a worldwide phenomenon. As aforementioned, the Korean Wave was behind this transformation. Including k-pop, the Korean Wave spread k-media in general. In addition, learning about the culture behind k-pop and the realization that it was unique but also like other cultures in some ways. Particularly, the ways that k-pop fans socialize and gather in conventions, like anime. In addition, fans interact similarly, whether based in Korea or elsewhere.
    • Keystone of the Keystone: The Falls of the Delaware and Bucks County 1609-1692

      Krueger, Rita; Glasson, Travis (Temple University. Libraries, 2010)
    • Kol Isha Atop the Mechitza: Finding a Women's Voice in Jewish Transgender Activism

      Alpert, Rebecca (Temple University. Libraries, 2020)
      Just over a decade ago, the seminal anthology “Balancing on the Mechitza” marked the start of an era of tremendous growth in Jewish transgender life and activism. This paper explores how this movement has experienced its own form of “kol isha,” the restriction placed on Jewish women’s voices within traditional Jewish law. By applying parallels that the author finds in the work and experiences of Jewish lesbian-feminists, and in particular reading the Jewish lesbian anthology “Nice Jewish Girls” against “Balancing on the Mechitza,” the author attempts to forward insights about the ways in which Jewish trans activism has brought limited liberation for Jewish trans women. It explores what Jewish trans spaces might be able to learn from this history to further liberation not only for trans women, but for Jewish women more broadly. Utilizing the feminist concept that an author’s own position is not only inevitably represented within the work, but also of critical importance, it bridges this theoretical analysis with the authors experiences in Jewish trans spaces and advocates material changes to how these spaces are organized—including the democratization of power and authority, a renewed focus on the gendered division of labor, and a prioritization and exploration of women’s practices, both traditional and innovative. Drawing upon the work of Black feminists, it emphasizes the challenging nature of coalition work, and advocates a shared empathy and compassionate accountability between marginalized groups which inevitably replicate systems of oppression which they do not create. Rephrasing a question by Jewish lesbian-feminist Irena Klepfisz asked about Jewish lesbian oppression in the lesbian movement, it both proposes and explores: do I feel that by asking other trans people to deal with misogyny or transphobia I am draining the movement of precious energy that would be better used elsewhere? In doing so, it attempts to claim space for a woman’s voice.