Cartelization and the State of Political Parties: A Comparative Study of Party Organization in the United States, Germany and Poland
Committee memberDeeg, Richard
Suárez, Sandra L.
SubjectPolitical Science, General
Permanent link to this recordhttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12613/4143
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractThis dissertation studies political party organization in the United States, Germany and Poland during national election campaigns and regular party operations. According to conventional wisdom, changes in party organization, such as professionalized campaigns and communications technology, have detrimental effects on political parties. Katz and Mair argue (1995) that political parties have become agents of the state and fail to provide linkage between the state and the electorate due to these changes in party organization. As cartel parties, political parties are then financially dependent on the state and do not need the support of the electorate. Katz and Mair further suggest that developing a closer relationship with the state has weakened political parties, especially the party on the ground. This dissertation tests whether Katz and Mair's cartel theory applies to political parties in the United States, Germany and Poland examining the parties' organizations during and in between election campaigns and finds that the political parties do not confirm the cartel theory. American and German political parties do not primarily rely on government financing and possess too strong of an electoral linkage to their voters to be considered cartel parties. Political parties in Poland better fit with the cartel theory due to strong financial ties with the state and insufficient linkage with their electorate, both inside and outside of election campaigns. This dissertation argues that the cartel thesis should not be considered a theory since it cannot explain observations regarding political parties and their organizations in the United States, Germany and Poland. Instead, the cartel thesis should be considered a heuristic tool to characterize political parties, continuing the tradition of prior descriptive party models such as those of the mass and the catch-all parties.
ADA complianceFor Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) accommodation, including help with reading this content, please contact email@example.com
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
The Schemes of Public Parties: William Allen, Benjamin Franklin and The College of Philadelphia, 1756Waldstreicher, David; Klepp, Susan E. (Temple University. Libraries, 2010)Chief Justice William Allen and Benjamin Franklin met hundreds of times prior to Franklin's departure to London in 1757, and yet very little has been written about Allen. For over twenty years, Franklin and Allen worked closely on a variety of municipal improvements: the library, the hospital, the school, the fire company and many other projects that were the first of their kind in America. And while Allen was Franklin's main benefactor for close to twenty-five years --it was Allen's endorsement of Franklin that got him his job as Postmaster-- Franklin mentions him only twice in his <italic>Autobiography
ENABLING MULTI-PARTY COLLABORATIVE DATA ACCESSKant, Krishna; Shi, Justin Y.; Tan, Chiu C.; Biswas, Saroj K. (Temple University. Libraries, 2018)Cloud computing has brought availability of services at unprecedented scales but data accessibility considerations become more complex due to involvement of multiple parties in providing the infrastructure. In this thesis, we discuss the problem of enabling cooperative data access in a multi-cloud environment where the data is owned and managed by multiple enterprises. We consider a multi-party collaboration scheme whereby a set of parties collectively decide accessibility to data from individual parties using different data models such as relational databases, and graph databases. In order to implement desired business services, parties need to share a selected portion of information with one another. We consider a model with a set of authorization rules over the joins of basic relations, and such rules are defined by these cooperating parties. The accessible information is constrained by these rules. Specifically, the following critical issues were examined: Combine rule enforcement and query planning and devise an algorithm which simultaneously checks for the enforceability of each rule and generation of minimum cost plan of its execution using a cost metric whenever the enforcement is possible; We also consider other forms of limiting the access to the shared data using safety properties and selection conditions. We proposed algorithms for both forms to remove any conflicts or violations between the limited accesses and model queries; Used graph databases with our authorization rules and query planning model to conduct similarity search between tuples, where we represent the relational database tuples as a graph with weighted edges, which enables queries involving "similarity" across the tuples. We proposed an algorithm to exploit the correlations between attributes to create virtual attributes that can be used to catch much of the data variance, and enhance the speed at which similarity search occurs; Proposed a framework for defining test functionalities their composition, and their access control. We discussed an algorithm to determine the realization of the given test via valid compositions of individual functionalities in a way to minimize the number of parties involved. The research significance resides in solving real-world issues that arise in using cloud services for enterprises After extensive evaluations, results revealed: collaborative data access model improves the security during cooperative data processes; systematic and efficient solving access rules conflict issues minimizes the possible data leakage; and, a systematic approach tackling control failure diagnosis helps reducing troubleshooting times and all that improve availability and resiliency. The study contributes to the knowledge, literature, and practice. This research opens up the space for further studies in various aspects of secure data cooperation in large-scale cyber and cyber-physical infrastructures.
UNDER THE PARTY FAÇADE: MILOSLAV IŠTVAN AND THE INNOVATIONS OF THE BRNO SCHOOL IN THE CZECHOSLOVAK SOCIALIST REPUBLICAbramovic, Charles; Lindorff, Joyce; Folio, Cynthia; Zohn, Steven David (Temple University. Libraries, 2016)The innovative compositions of Miloslav Ištvan (1928-1990) and his influential theoretical writings contributed to the creation of the modern composition school in Brno, capitol of Moravia in the present Czech Republic. Through the vehicle of his three piano sonatas (unpublished, but composed in 1954, 1959, and 1979), this monograph places Ištvan and his music against the political background of ideological repression in the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic. The unique blend of Moravian folk music and fierce pride in Czech culture are clearly evident throughout Ištvan’s compositional oeuvre and specifically in his piano music. In particular, his sheer creativity and courage to create his own voice under severe artistic deprivation combine to create a body of work that remains one of the most prominent influences in the present-day compositional scene in Brno. Each of the six chronological sections in this monograph employs a single year as a frame of reference. These years were selected both for their political significance and to represent an important event in Ištvan’s personal or musical life. In addition to the biographical details, political context and analysis of the piano sonatas, other significant compositions and contemporary writings are considered to trace the developmental thread of Moravian music. Ištvan’s search for artistic expression brings the lineage of his direct predecessor, Brno compositional giant Leoš Janáček, into the avant-garde New Music movement of the 1960s. Ištvan’s further work as a composition professor and writer of theoretical texts in the 1970s and 80s continues to influence the current generation of composers in the Czech Republic. This monograph calls attention to a composer and his rich body of work, created during politically turbulent times, that remains virtually unknown outside his country of origin.