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dc.contributor.advisorAxelrod, Saul
dc.creatorRosenwasser, Beth
dc.date.accessioned2020-11-05T16:09:43Z
dc.date.available2020-11-05T16:09:43Z
dc.date.issued2008
dc.identifier.other864884392
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12613/3679
dc.description.abstractIn an effort to adapt a prize-based attendance and abstinence reinforcement program to the group therapy modality typically found in community substance abuse treatment, this study applied a contingency management (CM) procedure to behavior outcomes of the group as a whole. An algorithmic shaping percentile schedule was used to establish the outcome criteria determining group access to prize bowl drawings. Both the shaping schedule and hypothesized positive social support secondary to interdependent group contingencies aimed to initiate cocaine abstinence among cocaine abusing methadone-maintained participants having initial low rates of cocaine abstinence. In a multiple baseline across behaviors with reversals design, the procedure was applied to four target behaviors in sequence: incentive group attendance, urinalysis appointment attendance, opiate and cocaine abstinence. Results demonstrated clear improvement in group attendance during the shaping schedules. Effects on opiate abstinence were promising but not definitive; an increase in magnitude of reinforcement yielded a better response. There were no effects on cocaine abstinence using the percentile schedules tried. When shaping was conducted by an experienced psychologist in conjunction with an average 4-fold increase in reinforcer magnitude, 55% achieved some abstinence (compared to 18% in baseline). Participants were monitored for safety due to concern about coercion; no instances of physical violence occurred and infrequent instances of verbal negativity were managed using typical outpatient procedures. Results indicate that interdependent group CM is efficacious for attendance, and a feasible and acceptable procedure with appropriate monitoring. Future studies are needed to determine effective and appropriate shaping and reinforcement schedules in group CM to increase drug abstinence.
dc.format.extent139 pages
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherTemple University. Libraries
dc.relation.ispartofTheses and Dissertations
dc.rightsIN COPYRIGHT- This Rights Statement can be used for an Item that is in copyright. Using this statement implies that the organization making this Item available has determined that the Item is in copyright and either is the rights-holder, has obtained permission from the rights-holder(s) to make their Work(s) available, or makes the Item available under an exception or limitation to copyright (including Fair Use) that entitles it to make the Item available.
dc.rights.urihttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
dc.subjectPsychology, Behavioral
dc.subjectContingency Management
dc.subjectAttendance
dc.subjectDrug Dependence
dc.subjectGroup Treatment
dc.subjectIncentives
dc.subjectPercentile Schedule
dc.titleTherapy development of group contingency management in methadone treatment: Pilot 1 - the application of a percentile schedule to enhance attendance behaviors and cocaine abstinence
dc.typeText
dc.type.genreThesis/Dissertation
dc.contributor.committeememberDuCette, Joseph P.
dc.contributor.committeememberHineline, Philip Neil
dc.contributor.committeememberFiorello, Catherine A.
dc.contributor.committeememberConnell, James
dc.description.departmentEducational Psychology
dc.relation.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.34944/dspace/3661
dc.ada.noteFor Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) accommodation, including help with reading this content, please contact scholarshare@temple.edu
dc.description.degreePh.D.
refterms.dateFOA2020-11-05T16:09:43Z


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