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dc.contributor.advisorZhang, Yi
dc.creatorPurushe, Janaki
dc.date.accessioned2020-11-04T17:01:07Z
dc.date.available2020-11-04T17:01:07Z
dc.date.issued2018
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12613/3430
dc.description.abstractCAR-T cell immunotherapy is a highly efficacious treatment for CD19-positive hematological malignancies, however, some patients are non-responsive for reasons that are not well understood. Clinical efficacy has been correlated with long-term persistence, a propensity that can be predicted by the differentiation state of transplanted cells. Despite this, decades-old methods for expanding T cells have not been updated to prevent the deleterious effects of excessive differentiation in CAR-T cells. Uncoupling proliferation and differentiation is a long-held goal in the field of immunotherapy with both cytokines and pharmacological approaches being implemented to dissociate these parallel processes. Histone methyltransferases rewire transcriptional programs in T cells and simultaneously regulate multitudes of genes, making them attractive targets for modifying the proliferation-differentiation axis. Despite this, only a handful of studies have examined their role in regulating the transcriptional programs of human CD8+ T cells. MLL4 (encoded by KMT2B) belongs to the six-member group of MLL histone methyltransferases. MLL1, a paralog of MLL4, has been implicated in regulating the maintenance of IL-4 and GATA-3 expression in TH2 CD4 memory T cell populations, however the function of MLL4 in human CD8+ T cells is unknown. We report a critical role for MLL4 in the proliferation and differentiation of CD8+ T cells. CRISPR-Cas9-editing of MLL4 uncoupled the processes of proliferation and differentiation, increasing proliferation but maintaining central memory T cell (TCM)-like populations, allowing for the production of increased numbers of TCM-like CD62L+CD45RO+ cells. Pharmacologically inhibiting the MLL4-Menin complex with MI-2 during T cell expansion enriched the frequency of minimally differentiated TCM-like CD8+ T cells. TCM-associated CD62L, CCR7, CD122 and CD127 surface markers were upregulated and early memory-associated transcription factor TCF7, LEF1, EOMES, and FOXP1 transcripts were increased. CD8+ CAR-T cells expanded in the presence of MI-2 responded earlier, while improving both tumor burden and survival in a NSG xenograft model of human leukemia. This finding has important translational impact in improving the persistence and proliferative capacity of CD8+ CAR-T cells.
dc.format.extent125 pages
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherTemple University. Libraries
dc.relation.ispartofTheses and Dissertations
dc.rightsIN COPYRIGHT- This Rights Statement can be used for an Item that is in copyright. Using this statement implies that the organization making this Item available has determined that the Item is in copyright and either is the rights-holder, has obtained permission from the rights-holder(s) to make their Work(s) available, or makes the Item available under an exception or limitation to copyright (including Fair Use) that entitles it to make the Item available.
dc.rights.urihttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
dc.subjectImmunology
dc.subjectCar-t
dc.subjectCd8
dc.subjectDifferentiation
dc.subjectImmunology
dc.subjectImmunotherapy
dc.subjectT Cells
dc.titleMLL4-Menin Complex Inhibition Promotes Central Memory In CD8 CAR-T Cells
dc.typeText
dc.type.genreThesis/Dissertation
dc.contributor.committeememberIssa, Jean-Pierre
dc.contributor.committeememberMonestier, Marc
dc.contributor.committeememberGallucci, Stefania
dc.contributor.committeememberSoboloff, Jonathan
dc.description.departmentInfectious Disease & Immunity
dc.relation.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.34944/dspace/3412
dc.ada.noteFor Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) accommodation, including help with reading this content, please contact scholarshare@temple.edu
dc.description.degreePh.D.
refterms.dateFOA2020-11-04T17:01:07Z


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