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dc.contributor.advisorSuh, Won H.
dc.creatorMa, Weili
dc.date.accessioned2020-11-04T16:57:14Z
dc.date.available2020-11-04T16:57:14Z
dc.date.issued2019
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12613/3248
dc.description.abstractWithin the last decade, neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s have emerged as one of the top 5 leading causes of death globally, and there is currently no cure. All neurodegenerative diseases lead to loss of the functional cells in the nervous system, the neurons. One therapeutic approach is to replace the damaged and lost neurons with new, healthy neurons. Unfortunately, this is a difficult endeavor since mature neurons are not capable of cell division. Instead, researchers are turning to neural stem cells, which are able to self-renew and be rapidly expanded before being differentiated into functional cell phenotypes, such as neurons, allowing for large numbers of cells to be generated in vitro. Controlled differentiation of human neural stem cells into new neurons has been of interest due to the immense potential for improving clinical outcomes. Adult neural stem cell behavior, however, is not well understood and the transplanted stem cells are at risk for tumorigenesis. The focus of this dissertation is the development of engineered biomaterials as tools to study human neural stem cell behavior and neurogenesis (differentiation). A novel cell penetrating peptide was developed to enhance intracellular delivery of retinoic acid, a bioactive lipid known to induce differentiation. A hydrogel platform fabricated from hyaluronic acid, a naturally-occurring polysaccharide found in brain extracellular space, was designed to serve as a biomimetic soft substrate with similar mechanical properties to the brain. The biological behavior of the stem cells was characterized in response to chemical and physical cues.
dc.format.extent164 pages
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherTemple University. Libraries
dc.relation.ispartofTheses and Dissertations
dc.rightsIN COPYRIGHT- This Rights Statement can be used for an Item that is in copyright. Using this statement implies that the organization making this Item available has determined that the Item is in copyright and either is the rights-holder, has obtained permission from the rights-holder(s) to make their Work(s) available, or makes the Item available under an exception or limitation to copyright (including Fair Use) that entitles it to make the Item available.
dc.rights.urihttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
dc.subjectBioengineering
dc.subjectMaterials Science
dc.subjectHyaluronic Acid
dc.subjectHydrogel
dc.subjectNeural Stem Cells
dc.subjectPeptide
dc.subjectRetinoic Acid
dc.subjectStem Cell Differentiation
dc.titleEngineered Biomaterials for Human Neural Stem Cell Applications
dc.typeText
dc.type.genreThesis/Dissertation
dc.contributor.committeememberLelkes, Peter I.
dc.contributor.committeememberPleshko, Nancy
dc.contributor.committeememberHu, Wenhui
dc.description.departmentBioengineering
dc.relation.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.34944/dspace/3230
dc.ada.noteFor Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) accommodation, including help with reading this content, please contact scholarshare@temple.edu
dc.description.degreePh.D.
refterms.dateFOA2020-11-04T16:57:14Z


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