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dc.contributor.advisorYang, Xiao-Feng
dc.creatorLu, Yifan
dc.date.accessioned2020-11-04T16:10:09Z
dc.date.available2020-11-04T16:10:09Z
dc.date.issued2020
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12613/3214
dc.description.abstractIt is well established that cytosolic caspase-1 activation, mediated by inflammasome after pathogens-associated molecular patterns (PAMP) and metabolic danger-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs), mediates the initiation of inflammation in endothelial cells by its downstream targets such as Interleukin-1β (IL-1β), Interleukin-18 (IL-18), and Sirtuin-1. However, it remains unknown whether proatherogenic lipids lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) can promote nuclear localization of caspase-1. Using biochemical, bioinformatic, and immunologic approaches, we made the following findings: (1) DNA damage was found in atherosclerotic mice. (2) A nuclear exportation signal was mapped in the CARD domain of pro-caspase-1. LPC promotes nuclear localization of pro-caspase-1 in human aortic endothelial cells (HAECs), which may interrupt DNA damage and repair pathways. (3) Blockage of caspase-1 nuclear cytosol trafficking in HAEC activated by LPC may mediate inflammation and interrupt cell cycle regulation. (4) Pro-caspase-1 in the nucleus inhibits inflammation but promotes interferon pathways. Activation of caspase-1 in the nucleus promotes aging- and fos-related antigen 2 (FRA2) mediated DNA damage and apoptosis. (5) Inhibition of SUMOylation decreases pro-caspase-1 translocation into the cytosol from the nucleus. (6) Blockage of caspase-1 cytosol nuclear trafficking in HAEC activated by H2O2 may decrease caspase-1 activity and increase cell viability. Our results demonstrate, for the first time, that caspase-1 patrols in the cell, senses danger signals and interrupts the balance between DNA damage and DNA repair pathways. It is a novel insight that not only should we suppress the inflammation in the cytosol but also in the nucleus, which is important for the future development of therapeutics for cardiovascular diseases and other inflammatory diseases.
dc.format.extent57 pages
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherTemple University. Libraries
dc.relation.ispartofTheses and Dissertations
dc.rightsIN COPYRIGHT- This Rights Statement can be used for an Item that is in copyright. Using this statement implies that the organization making this Item available has determined that the Item is in copyright and either is the rights-holder, has obtained permission from the rights-holder(s) to make their Work(s) available, or makes the Item available under an exception or limitation to copyright (including Fair Use) that entitles it to make the Item available.
dc.rights.urihttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
dc.subjectBiology
dc.subjectBiochemistry
dc.subjectBiophysics
dc.subjectEndothelial Cell
dc.subjectLysophosphatidylcholine
dc.subjectNuclear Caspase-1
dc.titlePROATHEROGENIC LIPIDS INCREASE CASPASE-1 NUCLEAR LOCALIZATION IN HUMAN AORTIC ENDOTHELIAL CELLS
dc.typeText
dc.type.genreThesis/Dissertation
dc.contributor.committeememberWang, Hong
dc.contributor.committeememberKhan, Mohsin
dc.description.departmentBiomedical Sciences
dc.relation.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.34944/dspace/3196
dc.ada.noteFor Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) accommodation, including help with reading this content, please contact scholarshare@temple.edu
dc.description.degreeM.S.
refterms.dateFOA2020-11-04T16:10:09Z


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