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dc.contributor.advisorTao, R. (Rongjia)
dc.creatorGraber, Benjamin
dc.date.accessioned2020-11-04T15:19:52Z
dc.date.available2020-11-04T15:19:52Z
dc.date.issued2014
dc.identifier.other914186264
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12613/2943
dc.description.abstractTerahertz (THz) has become a strong area for scientific research and commercial application in recent years. This research group has redesigned and optimized a THz photoconductive antenna, which currently operates with approximately 10x the power of a commercial antenna. It has been determined by this research that the THz signal emitted from a photoconductive antenna consists of coherent and incoherent signals. In addition to the improvement of the THz photoconductive antenna, I have optimized an electro optic THz detection system by characterizing the field dependency of an electro optic crystal, which enabled me to estimate the THz electric field strength. The high power THz source and optimized detection system were combined into a high power, high resolution time domain THz spectrometer. This spectrometer was used to conduct original measurements of the THz spectrum of water vapor, ionized air, and various chemical vapor including explosives. Most of these measurements were only possible with our improved THz spectrometer. In order to understand ionized air, an additional study was carried out to explore the ionization of several gases (e.g. N2, O2, Ar, CO2, and water vapor) which were ionized by radioactive isotopes. This unique study found that in addition to dose rate, the gamma energy of the radioactive isotopes and the sequential ionization levels of gases affect the equilibrium ion densities of these gases. This effect was especially pronounced for argon gas. The study of ion dynamics in gases has lead to the development of a prototype for stand-off detection and identification of radioactive isotopes. This prototype, despite being simple in design, can detect isotopes faster and more cheaply than a conventional gamma ray spectrometer. Throughout this thesis research I have successfully developed a high power, high resolution terahertz spectrometer and demonstrated that with the spectrometer I could identify characteristic resonances of water vapor, some chemicals including explosives, and even ionized air produced by nuclear isotopes. From the characteristic resonance frequencies one can understand the underlying physics or chemistry of molecules or atoms.
dc.format.extent218 pages
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherTemple University. Libraries
dc.relation.ispartofTheses and Dissertations
dc.rightsIN COPYRIGHT- This Rights Statement can be used for an Item that is in copyright. Using this statement implies that the organization making this Item available has determined that the Item is in copyright and either is the rights-holder, has obtained permission from the rights-holder(s) to make their Work(s) available, or makes the Item available under an exception or limitation to copyright (including Fair Use) that entitles it to make the Item available.
dc.rights.urihttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
dc.subjectPhysics
dc.subjectMaterials Science
dc.subjectAir
dc.subjectElectro-optics
dc.subjectIonization
dc.subjectPhotoconductive
dc.subjectSpectroscopy
dc.subjectTerahertz
dc.titleHIGH POWER TIME DOMAIN TERAHERTZ SPECTROSCOPY
dc.typeText
dc.type.genreThesis/Dissertation
dc.contributor.committeememberWu, Dong Ho
dc.contributor.committeememberRiseborough, Peter
dc.contributor.committeememberKendziora, Christopher A.
dc.description.departmentPhysics
dc.relation.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.34944/dspace/2925
dc.ada.noteFor Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) accommodation, including help with reading this content, please contact scholarshare@temple.edu
dc.description.degreePh.D.
refterms.dateFOA2020-11-04T15:19:52Z


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