Show simple item record

dc.contributor.advisorFiorello, Catherine A.
dc.creatorForchelli, Gina Anna
dc.date.accessioned2020-11-04T15:19:41Z
dc.date.available2020-11-04T15:19:41Z
dc.date.issued2015
dc.identifier.other920555303
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12613/2869
dc.description.abstractWorking memory (WM) has been closely linked to learning and achievement in children (Gathercole et al., 2004). The Forchelli Following Directions Task (FFDT) is a 15-item group-administered screener designed to assess working memory ability in school-aged children. The FFDT was developed to address the need for early identification of children with working memory difficulty. It specifically focuses on the need for easily administered and ecologically valid assessment. The FFDT was developed based on tasks cited in research to assess WM. The measure was developed across three iterations after receiving continual review from research experts in working memory and a group of three elementary school teachers. It also was piloted by three elementary school children to assess group-administration considerations. Participants in the validation study were 70 elementary school students 5 to 10 years of age spanning kindergarten to third grade were recruited from schools in the greater Philadelphia area. Participants were administered the group-administered working memory screener and completed individually administered measures of working memory, the WISC-IV Digit Span and Spatial Span, for comparison. Parents and teachers also completed behavior rating scales (i.e., BRIEF) measuring working memory. The FFDT demonstrated a sufficient Alpha's coefficient, indicating internal consistency. Significant Pearson correlations were found between existing measures of WM and the FFDT, indicating that the FFDT measures WM ability to a similar extent. The FFDT demonstrated good sensitivity to age and grade, as well. Further, the results of a ROC analysis comparing the identification of WM difficulty on the FFDT to existing measures of WM demonstrated a low to moderate effect. Overall, results indicate that the FFDT exhibited good reliability and validity. The anecdotal support of elementary school teachers and time efficiency of the task compared to existing WM measures also suggests good ecological validity. This study also demonstrated the utility of the FDDT in populations within a Response to Intervention (RtI) framework. Further research will be challenged to investigate the FFDT further scrutinize the construct validity and demonstrate significance in a larger, more representative sample of students.
dc.format.extent133 pages
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherTemple University. Libraries
dc.relation.ispartofTheses and Dissertations
dc.rightsIN COPYRIGHT- This Rights Statement can be used for an Item that is in copyright. Using this statement implies that the organization making this Item available has determined that the Item is in copyright and either is the rights-holder, has obtained permission from the rights-holder(s) to make their Work(s) available, or makes the Item available under an exception or limitation to copyright (including Fair Use) that entitles it to make the Item available.
dc.rights.urihttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
dc.subjectPsychology, Cognitive
dc.subjectPsychology
dc.subjectEducational Psychology
dc.subjectEcological Validity
dc.subjectScreener
dc.subjectWorking Memory
dc.titleConstruction and Validation of an Ecological Measure of Working Memory
dc.typeText
dc.type.genreThesis/Dissertation
dc.contributor.committeememberBoyle, Joseph
dc.contributor.committeememberDuCette, Joseph P.
dc.contributor.committeememberFarley, Frank
dc.contributor.committeememberThurman, S. Kenneth
dc.description.departmentSchool Psychology
dc.relation.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.34944/dspace/2851
dc.ada.noteFor Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) accommodation, including help with reading this content, please contact scholarshare@temple.edu
dc.description.degreePh.D.
refterms.dateFOA2020-11-04T15:19:41Z


Files in this item

Thumbnail
Name:
TETDEDXForchelli-temple-0225E- ...
Size:
825.1Kb
Format:
PDF

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record