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dc.creatorHaupt, Michael Robert
dc.creatorMeredith Weiss, Staci
dc.creatorChiu, Michelle
dc.creatorCuomo, Raphael
dc.creatorChein, Jason
dc.creatorMackey, Tim
dc.date.accessioned2020-08-24T17:30:02Z
dc.date.available2020-08-24T17:30:02Z
dc.date.issued2020-06-05
dc.identifier.citationHaupt MR, Weiss SM, Chiu M, et al. Profiles of Social Distance Compliance: Psychological and Situational Predictors of Risky Behavior during COVID-19. medRxiv doi:10.1101/2020.06.04.20122754
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.34944/dspace/230
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12613/246
dc.description.abstractThe purpose of this study was to explore the factors underlying variability in compliance with CDC guidelines in response to the novel coronavirus, or COVID-19. To do this, we examined the frequency of once ordinary, but newly risky behavior (as deemed by CDC guidelines) in a sample of 482 MTurkers. We ran analyses probing the situational and dispositional variables that predicted variance in risky behavior using data-driven and hypothesis-generated approaches. We found situational and dispositional variables contributed unique variance to risky behavior, controlling for variability accounted for by demographic factors. More frequent report of risky activity was associated with higher extraversion, need for cognitive closure, behavior activation, and perceived resource scarcity; in contrast, more frequent report of risky activity was associated with less empathy and living space access, as well as younger age. To break down these findings, we used a cluster analysis to profile individuals, using only situational and dispositional variables belonging to seven clusters. Combined with testing differences in risk taking by cluster identity, we suggest this profile approach might allow consideration of multi-faceted attributes that influence adherence with public health guidance in the context of health emergencies like the COVID-19 pandemic.
dc.format.extent53 pages
dc.languageEnglish
dc.language.isoeng
dc.relation.ispartofCOVID-19 Research
dc.relation.isreferencedbymedRxiv
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs CC BY-NC-ND
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
dc.subjectCOVID-19
dc.subjectCoronavirus infections
dc.titleProfiles of Social Distance Compliance: Psychological and Situational Predictors of Risky Behavior during COVID-19
dc.typeText
dc.type.genrePre-print
dc.description.departmentPsychology
dc.relation.doihttps://doi.org/10.1101/2020.06.04.20122754
dc.ada.noteFor Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) accommodation, including help with reading this content, please contact scholarshare@temple.edu
dc.description.schoolcollegeTemple University. College of Liberal Arts
dc.creator.orcid0000-0002-9178-6680
dc.creator.orcid0000-0002-8430-7899
dc.temple.creatorWeiss, Staci Meredith
dc.temple.creatorChiu, Michelle
dc.temple.creatorChein, Jason M.
refterms.dateFOA2020-08-24T17:30:02Z


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