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dc.contributor.advisorReynolds, Alison M.
dc.creatorNewell, Mary Kathleen
dc.date.accessioned2020-10-27T15:28:07Z
dc.date.available2020-10-27T15:28:07Z
dc.date.issued2013
dc.identifier.other870266738
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12613/2008
dc.description.abstractThe purpose of this research was to investigate the effects of movement instruction on children's singing achievement scores. When controlling for age, four overarching questions and nine sub-questions were asked. First, when controlling for age, how do pitch achievement scores at the outset compare to pitch achievement scores after movement instruction? 1) Is there a significant main effect of type of instruction on children's pitch achievement scores (between subjects)? 2) Is there a significant main effect of time on children's pitch achievement scores (within subjects)? 3) Is there a significant instruction and time interaction? Second, when controlling for age, how do rhythm achievement scores at the outset compare to rhythm achievement scores after movement instruction? 4) Is there a significant main effect of type of instruction on children's rhythmic achievement scores? 5) Is there a significant main effect of time on children's rhythmic achievement scores? 6) Is there a significant instruction and time interaction? Third, when controlling for age, how do singing voice development scores at the outset compare to scores after movement instruction? 7) Is there a significant main effect of type of instruction on children's singing voice development scores? 8) Is there a significant main effect of time on children's singing voice development scores? 9) Is there a significant instruction and time interaction? Fourth, descriptively, what is the effect of gender on students' pretest and posttest pitch achievement scores, rhythm achievement scores, and singing voice development measure scores? Second, third, and fourth grade students (N = 143) participated in the study. Subjects were randomly assigned to one of three treatment groups receiving different instruction: steady beat movement, continuous fluid movement, or a control group receiving no movement instruction. A researcher-designed criterion song was used as a pretest and posttest measure. Pitch and rhythm achievement scores were assessed using Praat Software. Three raters assessed singing performances using Rutkowski's Singing Voice Development Measure. Three split-plot Analyses of Covariance were run on the data. Results indicated that there was a significant interaction between treatment and time on pitch achievement scores. Post hoc analyses revealed no significant differences among treatment groups for pitch achievement scores. Results indicated that there was a significant interaction between treatment and time for Singing Voice Development Measure scores. Post hoc analyses revealed that the treatment group receiving continuous fluid movement significantly outscored the treatment group receiving steady beat movement. No significant differences were found on rhythm achievement scores. Descriptively, females outscored males on pitch, rhythm, and singing voice development measure scores for both pretest and posttest measures.
dc.format.extent208 pages
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherTemple University. Libraries
dc.relation.ispartofTheses and Dissertations
dc.rightsIN COPYRIGHT- This Rights Statement can be used for an Item that is in copyright. Using this statement implies that the organization making this Item available has determined that the Item is in copyright and either is the rights-holder, has obtained permission from the rights-holder(s) to make their Work(s) available, or makes the Item available under an exception or limitation to copyright (including Fair Use) that entitles it to make the Item available.
dc.rights.urihttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
dc.subjectEducation, Music
dc.subjectMusic
dc.subjectEducation
dc.subjectChildren
dc.subjectContinuous Fluid Movement
dc.subjectElementary
dc.subjectFlow
dc.subjectMovement
dc.subjectSinging
dc.titleEffects of Movement Instruction on Children's Singing Achievement Scores
dc.typeText
dc.type.genreThesis/Dissertation
dc.contributor.committeememberWright, Maurice W.
dc.contributor.committeememberSheldon, Deborah A.
dc.contributor.committeememberDilworth, Rollo A.
dc.contributor.committeememberCromley, Jennifer
dc.description.departmentMusic Education
dc.relation.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.34944/dspace/1990
dc.ada.noteFor Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) accommodation, including help with reading this content, please contact scholarshare@temple.edu
dc.description.degreePh.D.
refterms.dateFOA2020-10-27T15:28:07Z


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