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dc.contributor.advisorStanley, Robert J.
dc.creatorNarayanan, Madhavan
dc.date.accessioned2020-10-27T15:28:06Z
dc.date.available2020-10-27T15:28:06Z
dc.date.issued2011
dc.identifier.other864885123
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12613/1997
dc.description.abstractPhotoinduced electron transfer (PET) plays a crucial role in a wide array of biological pathways. These electron transfer reactions happen from or to the excited state of a chromophore upon absorption of light. Hence understanding the properties of excited states is necessary in elucidating the details of such pathways. The work presented in this thesis deals with PET in two systems: Fluorescent Nucleobase Analogues (FBAs) and DNA photolyase. The introductory chapter (Chapter 1) presents some background information about the two systems and sets up the stage for the reasoning behind the problems addressed in this thesis. FBAs are fluorescent analogues of naturally occurring, weakly fluorescent native nucleic acid bases. When incorporated into single stranded (ss) or double stranded (ds) DNA, the FBA fluorescence is significantly quenched. PET has been implicated to be the cause for the observed quenching. Here we have presented our attempt to correlate the quenching behavior of free FBA: nucleic acid monophosphate (NMP) pairs with the free energies associated with excited state electron transfer delta GET. Based on the delta GET values, we have tried to assign the direction of electron transfer. The quenching behavior of the FBA:NMP pairs were studied through Stern-Volmer (SV) quenching and time-resolved fluorescence studies. The above described analysis has been applied on FBAs: 4-amino-6-methyl-8-(2'-deoxy-beta-D-ribofuranosyl)-7(8H)-pteridone (6MAP), 4-amino - 2, 6 - dimethyl - 8 - (2'-deoxy-beta-d-ribofuranosyl) -7(8H) - pteridone (DMAP), 3-methyl-8-(2'-deoxy-beta-D-ribofuranosyl) isoxanthopterin (3MI) and 6-Methyl-8-(2'-deoxy-β-D-ribofuranosyl) isoxanthopterin (6MI) (Chapter 3), 2-Aminopurine (2AP) (Chapter 4), 8-Vinyl Adenosine (8VA) (Chapter 5). The final part of this thesis (Chapter 6) is on understanding the mechanistic details of a DNA repair process that is due to photoinduced electron transfer in DNA photolyase, a flavoprotein. Before the electron reaches the damaged site in the DNA, the initial electron acceptor in this repair process has been speculated to be the adenine of the flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD). We have tested this hypothesis by measuring and comparing the various kinetic parameters associated with this process by reconstituting into apo-photolyase the natural cofactor of photolyase (FAD) and an adenine modified flavin (Etheno FAD, epsilon FAD).
dc.format.extent224 pages
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherTemple University. Libraries
dc.relation.ispartofTheses and Dissertations
dc.rightsIN COPYRIGHT- This Rights Statement can be used for an Item that is in copyright. Using this statement implies that the organization making this Item available has determined that the Item is in copyright and either is the rights-holder, has obtained permission from the rights-holder(s) to make their Work(s) available, or makes the Item available under an exception or limitation to copyright (including Fair Use) that entitles it to make the Item available.
dc.rights.urihttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
dc.subjectChemistry
dc.subjectChemistry, Physical
dc.subjectBiophysics
dc.subjectDna Photolyase
dc.subjectDna Repair
dc.subjectElectron Transfer
dc.subjectFbas
dc.subjectFluorescent Nucleobase Analogs
dc.subjectRehm-weller Equation
dc.titleStudy of photoinduced electron transfer in fluorescent nucleobase analogues (FBAs) and DNA photolyase
dc.typeText
dc.type.genreThesis/Dissertation
dc.contributor.committeememberAddison, A. W.
dc.contributor.committeememberNicholson, Allen W.
dc.contributor.committeememberSpano, Francis C.
dc.description.departmentChemistry
dc.relation.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.34944/dspace/1979
dc.ada.noteFor Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) accommodation, including help with reading this content, please contact scholarshare@temple.edu
dc.description.degreePh.D.
refterms.dateFOA2020-10-27T15:28:06Z


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