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dc.contributor.advisorSoprano, Kenneth J.
dc.creatorHodgdon, Hilary Bridgette
dc.date.accessioned2020-10-26T19:19:23Z
dc.date.available2020-10-26T19:19:23Z
dc.date.issued2009
dc.identifier.other864884608
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12613/1444
dc.description.abstractChild maltreatment has been linked consistently to the development of aggressive behavior. However, not all maltreated youth later demonstrate increased aggression. The present study examined two avenues of inquiry to explain this observed heterogeneity in a sample of 470 serious juvenile offenders enrolled in a prospective longitudinal study. Official reports of maltreatment history were obtained from the Department of Human Services (DHS) in Philadelphia providing information about the nature and incidence of abuse and neglect in childhood of the study participants. The first line of inquiry explored if particular maltreatment subtypes, including physical abuse, sexual abuse, neglect, and emotional maltreatment, as well as the severity and frequency of these maltreatment types, was related to increased aggression in adolescence. The second line of inquiry used structural equation modeling (SEM) to examine the impact of three mediational factors, namely, emotion regulation, moral disengagement, and emotional callousness, on the maltreatment-aggression relation. I expected that not only would maltreatment in childhood be related to increased aggression in adolescence, but that this relation would be mediated by disruptions in emotional and cognitive development. In addition, I expected that these underlying mechanisms would be specific to particular subtypes of maltreatment. As expected, child maltreatment was related to increased aggression among youth. Physical abuse and emotional maltreatment emerged as the two maltreatment subtypes that best predicted aggression, whereas neglect and sexual abuse were not related to increased aggression. The study findings also suggested that higher severity and frequency of maltreatment contributes to increased aggression. Additionally, physical abuse and emotional maltreatment appeared to have a multiplicative effect, in that the combination of these two maltreatment subtypes resulted in the highest levels of aggression among youth in this study. Finally, as hypothesized, poor self-regulation mediated the relation between physical abuse and aggression, while heightened moral disengagement mediated the relation between emotional maltreatment and aggression.
dc.format.extent157 pages
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherTemple University. Libraries
dc.relation.ispartofTheses and Dissertations
dc.rightsIN COPYRIGHT- This Rights Statement can be used for an Item that is in copyright. Using this statement implies that the organization making this Item available has determined that the Item is in copyright and either is the rights-holder, has obtained permission from the rights-holder(s) to make their Work(s) available, or makes the Item available under an exception or limitation to copyright (including Fair Use) that entitles it to make the Item available.
dc.rights.urihttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
dc.subjectPsychology, Clinical
dc.subjectAdolescents
dc.subjectAggression
dc.subjectChild Maltreatment
dc.subjectChild Welfare
dc.subjectCrossover Youth
dc.subjectJuvenile Delinquency
dc.titleChild Maltreatment and Aggression: The Mediating Role of Moral Disengagement, Emotion Regulation, and Emotional Callousness among Juvenile Offenders
dc.typeText
dc.type.genreThesis/Dissertation
dc.contributor.committeememberDrabick, Deborah A. G.
dc.contributor.committeememberWeinraub, Marsha
dc.contributor.committeememberXie, Hongling
dc.contributor.committeememberHarris, Philip W.
dc.contributor.committeememberRyan, Joseph
dc.description.departmentPsychology
dc.relation.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.34944/dspace/1426
dc.ada.noteFor Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) accommodation, including help with reading this content, please contact scholarshare@temple.edu
dc.description.degreePh.D.
refterms.dateFOA2020-10-26T19:19:23Z


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