Show simple item record

dc.contributor.advisorWeisberg, Robert W.
dc.creatorGlazek, Kuba
dc.date.accessioned2020-10-26T18:26:12Z
dc.date.available2020-10-26T18:26:12Z
dc.date.issued2011
dc.identifier.other864885715
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12613/1307
dc.description.abstractThe concept of novelty has important implications for theories of cognition, as familiar objects are categorically distinct from novel ones; accessing a stored representation of a known stimulus influences perception in a way that is precluded for a novel stimulus. The experiments that constitute this dissertation shed light on the perception-action cycle, as it is a persistent feature of human life; we see things and we act upon them. When those things are novel, how does cognitive processing change? Specifically, how do people who deliberately practice seeing things act upon them, and are there observable differences between trained and "casual" perceivers' perceptual processing? Some argue that any processing advantages possessed by experts are limited to objects or relations among objects within an expert's particular domain of expertise. However, a central point of contention revolves around what exactly constitutes a domain in the first place. Expertise may boil down to a long-term memory advantage for deliberately-practiced categories of stimuli, or to a heuristic that is only applicable to one trained goal or category of goals, or to a heuristic independent of task that can be applied to any novel situation. The present set of experiments examined visual cognition with the perceptual goal of fine-motor output (i.e., accurate sketching) as a candidate for a domain of expertise that confers advantages in visual perception in general. The extent to which visual processing is altered in expert visual artists was examined; whether they are more efficient only at sketching images of familiar stimuli, or whether their advantage extends to other visual cognition tasks. Familiarity and complexity of stimuli were manipulated, as were the goals of perception, including sketching and recognition. Finally, retention durations were manipulated before responses or sketches were made in order to examine the limits on experts' advantage on tasks that are known to tax the perceptual system. Results suggest that expertise in visual art confers a robust visual cognition advantage that generalizes beyond a narrowly-defined domain of expertise.
dc.format.extent95 pages
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherTemple University. Libraries
dc.relation.ispartofTheses and Dissertations
dc.rightsIN COPYRIGHT- This Rights Statement can be used for an Item that is in copyright. Using this statement implies that the organization making this Item available has determined that the Item is in copyright and either is the rights-holder, has obtained permission from the rights-holder(s) to make their Work(s) available, or makes the Item available under an exception or limitation to copyright (including Fair Use) that entitles it to make the Item available.
dc.rights.urihttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
dc.subjectPsychology, Cognitive
dc.subjectBehavioral Sciences
dc.subjectNeurosciences
dc.subjectExpertise
dc.subjectMotor Behavior
dc.subjectPerception
dc.subjectVision
dc.subjectVisual Art
dc.subjectWorking Memory
dc.titleVISUAL WORKING MEMORY AND MOTOR PROCESSING CHANGES ASSOCIATED WITH EXPERTISE IN VISUAL ART
dc.typeText
dc.type.genreThesis/Dissertation
dc.contributor.committeememberChein, Jason M.
dc.contributor.committeememberEllman, Lauren
dc.contributor.committeememberOlson, Ingrid
dc.contributor.committeememberShipley, Thomas F.
dc.contributor.committeememberKozbelt, Aaron
dc.description.departmentPsychology
dc.relation.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.34944/dspace/1289
dc.ada.noteFor Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) accommodation, including help with reading this content, please contact scholarshare@temple.edu
dc.description.degreePh.D.
refterms.dateFOA2020-10-26T18:26:12Z


Files in this item

Thumbnail
Name:
Glazek_temple_0225E_10926.pdf
Size:
1.151Mb
Format:
PDF

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record