• Emotion and Gender in Reasoning and Decision Making

      Overton, Willis F. (Temple University. Libraries, 2005)
      This study addresses three issues: (1) whether there is a relation between reasoning and decision making performance, (2) whether general levels of positive or negative emotion predict reasoning or decision making performance, and (3) whether there are gender differences in reasoning or decision making performance. Undergraduate students were assessed with three measures: the Selection Task, the Iowa Gambling Task, and the PANAS questionnaire were used to assess reasoning, decision making, and general emotion, respectively. The results suggest that a positive relation exists between decision making and reasoning performance, that general levels of emotion predict neither reasoning performance nor decision making performance, and that there are significant gender differences in decision making performance, favoring males, but not in reasoning performance. It is concluded that similar processes appear to underlie both reasoning and decision making, that general levels of emotion do not predict reasoning or decision making performance, and that the gender difference observed for decision making performance is likely related to the way the Iowa Gambling Task is approached.
    • Celia Thaxter's Island Garden: a 19th Century Flower Garden & its Historic Restoration

      Adam, Sinclair (Temple University. Libraries, 2005)
      Celia Thaxter, perhaps the most renowned and popularly successful female poet of her time, was also a passionate and knowledgeable gardener, naturalist, and painter. In 1893, a year before her death, she wrote what today is still considered a garden literature classic, An Island Garden, in which she described what she called her "old-fashioned" small garden, roughly 15' x 50', on Appledore Island, Isles of Shoals, Maine. This book was beautifully, and famously, illustrated with paintings of her garden and home by the American impressionist Childe Hassam, and served as a popular literary chronicle of an famous American garden as well as an emrninently practical horticultural how-to guide. This small garden, lying roughly ten miles off the coast of Portsmouth, New Hampshire, was renowned in its day and a mecca for the pre-eminent artists, writers, and musicians of late 19th century New England, for which it was a profound inspiration. Likewise, the recreation ofher garden, begun in 1976, continues to attract increasing throngs of visitors to this day. This paper attempts to examine, deconstruct, and evaluate Celia Thaxter's original garden-- i.e., what she grew, how she grew these plants in such a harsh North Atlantic island situation, and to discuss the garden's on-going horticultural, art-historical, and cultural significance. It is the author's proposition that Celia's island garden serves as an eminent example of the dynamic dialogue between the mediums of painting and gardening, which also succinctly and emblematically, embodies the essentially ephemeral nature of gardens as works of art and their simultaneous profound potential for affecting lasting impression and significance upon culture. Celia's island garden is further analyzed in regards to issues of gender and the Victorian 'door-yard ' garden. Finally, the garden's recreation and its popular success is critically examined and discussed in relation to the amply documented and described original garden, and its effectiveness as a historical restoration effort is evaluated.
    • Rethinking Lockean Copyright and Fair Use

      Guay, Robert (Temple University. Libraries, 2005)
    • As Boundaries Fade: The Social Contract in Cyberspace

      Taylor, Paul C. (Paul Christopher) (Temple University. Libraries, 2006)
      For over ten years, scholars have debated over law in cyberspace. Some, the "exceptiona!ists, " argue that cyberspace should develop its own system of laws and regulations. Others, the" unexceptionalists, " argue that real-space territorial law must govern the internet. This paper advocates a new kind of exceptionalism, grounded in an examination of legitimate authority in cyberspace. I use social contract theory to locate two sources of legitimate cyberspace authority: the authority of a real-space sovereign over its citizens and the authority of a cyberspace community formed by a distinct social contract. I argue that, because cyberspace dissolves territorial boundaries, internet users are insecure in their knowledge of political relationships and that cyberspace communities can resolve this incon venience.
    • Interstate Station Stop: A Voyage into the American Frontier Myth

      Pron, John J.; Patel, Sneha; Wingert-Playdon, Kate; Cleveland, Kate (Temple University. Libraries, 2006)
      The myth of the frontier has been a recurrent theme within American history . The seductive and provocative nature of the American landscape, a great burgeoning wilderness open to the planting of dreams, has been an inspiration to many pioneering spirits ever since the first European explorers landed on the continent. The myth that has developed around the construct of the landscape is one that holds great hope in its realization of democratic institutions and opportunity. Yet its very nature is one of a violent imposition, eradicating previous systems to allow for the emergence of a new order, an order of pragmatically-driven and profit-motivated consumption that views the land as a means of extracting utility and commodity with little recognition of its potential for an enhanced transcendental resonance. Surrounded by the hyperrealism of the American way of life, the road traveler cruising westward in hope of the fulfillment of promise finds a revelation within the desert. Here, in the desert of the American west, in the land passage journeyed before by so many previous pilgrims of the American experience, the traveler can find temporary fulfillment and hope. The emergence of a place of contemplation, personal reflection, and human connection on the horizon proves to be an architectural realization of the mythic American promise. This quick station stop, manifesting itself as a highway rest area, acts as a mediating experience for transcendent reflection upon the hope that can be found somewhere within the depths ofthe vast surface of the American Dream.
    • Ending the 'Inhuman Traffic': The Role of Humanitarianism in the British Abolition Movement

      Glasson, Travis; Biddick, Kathleen (Temple University. Libraries, 2007)
    • Rethinking Academia: A Gramscian Analysis of Samuel Huntington

      Walker, Kathy Le Mons; Temple University. Honors Program (Temple University. Libraries, 2007)
    • 'The Jews' and 'The Pharisees' in Early Quaker Polemic

      Watt, David Harrington (Temple University. Libraries, 2007)
    • Fenianism In Irish Catholic Philadelphia: The American Catholic Church's Battle for Acceptance

      Goedde, Petra; Varon, Elizabeth R.; Temple University. Honors Program (Temple University. Libraries, 2008)
    • Before and After Photography: The Makeover Method to Discipline and Punish

      Swann, Paul; Temple University. Honors Program (Temple University. Libraries, 2008)
    • Girl, Translated

      Samponaro, Laura (Temple University. Libraries, 2009)
    • The Neurobiology and Development of Compulsive Hoarding and Its Relationship to Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

      Woodruff-Pak, Diana S.; Olson, Ingrid (Temple University. Libraries, 2009)
      Compulsive hoarding disorder (CHD) is a psychological phenomenon in which the individual's created environment is a product of their internal state. Currently, CHD is generally considered to fall under the umbrella of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). However, recent neuropsychological evidence supports the hypothesis that CHD may best be characterized as a disorder separate from other forms of OCD. Not only does functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and positron emission tomography (PET) data show that compulsive hoarding may be a neurobiologically discreet syndrome, but recent evidence from genetic studies as well as inquiry into the development of pathological hoarding leads to findings that may implicate a distinct disorder with specific neuropsychological impairments. Thus far, CHD has been explored primarily within the confines of OCD, and therefore, the neurobiology and development of this syndrome will be discussed within this context. This review seeks to integrate the previous research in CHD with the most recent findings to create a thorough overview of this pathology.
    • African-American Women's Basketball in the 1920s and 1930s: Active Participants in the 'New Negro' Movement

      Collier-Thomas, Bettye; Kusmer, Kenneth L. (Temple University. Libraries, 2010)
    • Setting The Agenda: The Effects of Administration Debates and The President's Personal Imperatives on Forming Foreign Policy During the Reagan Administration

      Krueger, Rita; Immerman, Richard H.; Temple University. Honors Program (Temple University. Libraries, 2010)
    • Keystone of the Keystone: The Falls of the Delaware and Bucks County 1609-1692

      Krueger, Rita; Glasson, Travis (Temple University. Libraries, 2010)
    • Harvesting Stormwater for Urban Farm Irrigation

      Picone, Joseph; Ryan, Robert (Temple University. Libraries, 2011)
      Rainwater control and reuse contributes to a healthier environment, especially in urban regions. A rainwater harvesting system was designed for an urban farm located in the Germantown section of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. This design includes a transport mechanism to convey captured rainwater from the roof, approximately 2350 ft2, to a constructed wetland system, where it will be treated. The water, treated to EPA non-potable reuse standards, will then be stored or transported by pumping to the adjacent half-acre farm to irrigate the crops. When the system fills, overflow is controlled and directed to the combined sewer system. Research has shown elevated heavy metals concentrations in runoff coming from aging roof structures; these concentrations can be reduced substantially through treatment in a constructed wetland. Onsite treatment of rainwater reduces the farmers’ dependency on municipal water resources and usage costs. Additional benefits of this system are reducing the hydraulic load and improving water quality of runoff from the property into Philadelphia’s combined sewer system.