• Bridging the Gap Between the Science & People Affected by Traumatic Brain Injury

      Sotelo, Angelica; Baffoe-Bonnie, Jude; Shah, Aarohi; Michel, Erin; Jozwik, Matthew; Cában Rivera, Carolina (Temple University. Grey Matters, 2021-05)
      Most Americans have probably seen media coverage of a National Football League (NFL) game. Because American football is a full contact sport, it is probably not surprising that frequent collisions between players result in concussions, or “mild” traumatic brain injury (TBI) [1]. While concussions have been associated with American football and its players since 1994, athletes are not the only people affected by them [2]. 69 million individuals sustain TBI each year worldwide [3]. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), while a concussion itself is not life-threatening, it is the after effects of the concussion that contribute to complications which may hinder a person’s quality of life for some time [1]. Recent research on the oculomotor system and neuro-optometric rehabilitation may offer affected individuals more opportunities for concussion recovery. Concussions affect our brain in a multitude of ways, including our physical, chemical, mental, and visual processes; however, neuro-optometric rehabilitation is a glimmer of hope for those recovering from traumatic brain injury.
    • Trapped Within

      Armstrong, Bridget (Temple University. Grey Matters, 2021-12)
      Imagine you hear someone talking to your loved ones, “I’m sorry…. their chance of survival is small”. What is this? What's going on? ‘Maybe this is a dream’, you start to think to yourself as you try to wake yourself up. You are unsuccessful in waking up, and you still see complete darkness. You start to hear a doctor talk to your family about ending life support. You are conscious, afraid, your heart is racing, and to make matters worse, you realize you cannot move or speak. “How can I tell them that I am still here and alive?” you say to yourself in your head. This is merely a glimpse of what locked-in syndrome may feel like. If you have ever experienced or heard of sleep paralysis, where you are conscious, but unable to move your body, except your eyes, then you can begin to appreciate what individuals living with locked-in syndrome experience continuously. Instead of your experience lasting for a few minutes, like sleep paralysis, locked-in syndrome could be something you are trapped in for the rest of your life. This article examines the world of locked-in syndrome, its etiologies, types of locked-in syndrome, and what diagnosis/treatment looks like.