The IGF-II–Insulin Receptor Isoform-A Autocrine Signal in Cancer: Actionable Perspectives
GroupCenter for Biotechnology, Sbarro Institute for Cancer Research and Molecular Medicine (Temple University)
Insulin-like Growth factor (1 or 2 or receptor)
Insulin receptor isoform A
IGF binding protein
Mannose 6 phosphate receptor
Von Hippel-Lindau gene product
Permanent link to this recordhttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12613/1135
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AbstractInsulin receptor overexpression is a common event in human cancer. Its overexpression is associated with a relative increase in the expression of its isoform A (IRA), a shorter variant lacking 11 aa in the extracellular domain, conferring high affinity for the binding of IGF-II along with added intracellular signaling specificity for this ligand. Since IGF-II is secreted by the vast majority of malignant solid cancers, where it establishes autocrine stimuli, the co-expression of IGF-II and IRA in cancer provides specific advantages such as apoptosis escape, growth, and proliferation to those cancers bearing such a co-expression pattern. However, little is known about the exact role of this autocrine ligand–receptor system in sustaining cancer malignant features such as angiogenesis, invasion, and metastasis. The recent finding that the overexpression of angiogenic receptor kinase EphB4 along with VEGF-A is tightly dependent on the IGF-II/IRA autocrine system independently of IGFIR provided new perspectives for all malignant IGF2omas (those aggressive solid cancers secreting IGF-II). The present review provides an updated view of the IGF system in cancer, focusing on the biology of the autocrine IGF-II/IRA ligand–receptor axis and supporting its underscored role as a malignant-switch checkpoint target.
CitationScalia, P.; Giordano, A.; Williams, S.J. The IGF-II–Insulin Receptor Isoform-A Autocrine Signal in Cancer: Actionable Perspectives. Cancers 2020, 12, 366.
Citation to related workMDPI
Has partCancers, Vol. 12, Issue 2
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