• The Effects of Vibronic coupling on the Photophysics of pi-conjugated oligomers and polymers

      Spano, Francis C.; Stanley, Robert J.; Matsika, Spiridoula; Burkhardt, T. W. (Theodore W.), 1940- (Temple University. Libraries, 2013)
      A theoretical model describing photophysics of π-conjugated aggregates, such as molecular crystals and polymer thin films, is developed. A Holstein-like Hamiltonian expressed with a multi-particle basis set is used to evaluate absorption and photoluminescence (PL) spectra. An analysis with line strength ratio proves to be a powerful diagnostic tool to obtain additional spectral signatures with which to distinguish H- vs. J-aggregation. For the H-aggregates absorption peak ratio, A0-0/A0-1, diminishes as the excitonic coupling increases. Also the PL peak ratio, I0-0/I0-1, is zero at T=0K with no disorder and the value increases as temperature and disorder increase. By contrast the J-aggregates show the opposite trends. Furthermore we will show the PL peak ratio provides a direct measurement of the exciton coherence length for a linear J-aggregate and could be expressed as I0-0/I0-1 = Ncoh/l2. We will also show that it is inversely proportional to square root of temperature (T-1/2). Applying our theory to the herringbone style oligoacene molecular crystals, we show the lowest singlet exciton states are highly influenced by charge transfer (CT) states and the well known energetic gap in two polarized absorption spectra, so called Davydov Splitting (DS), is a product of the interaction. We have successfully reproduced the DS for all three oligoacenes without any free parameters. Inspired by the CT contribution in oligoacene crystals, we further develop Wannier-Mott exciton model and apply to disorder-free polydiacetylene (PDA) quantum wires, which have been shown to be extremely emissive. We will show the quantum wire is a J-aggregate and we once again derive the peak ratio and the coherence size relation, I0-0/I0-1 = kNcoh/l2, where k is a prefactor close to unity. Typical photophysical properties of polymer p-stacks such as those occurring in P3HT films are well explained by the simple linear H-aggregate model. However several groups have started seeing more J-like behaviors amongst “improved” (less disordered) polymer films such as increased values of A0-0/A0-1 and I0-0/I0-1 and higher radiative rates. With the new perception of a single polymer chain being a J-aggregate, we apply our new theory to p-stack of polymer chains. We call this HJ-aggregate model since the interchain interaction induces H-aggregation. In the study we show a competition between intrachain and interchain interactions that leads to unique photophysical features. The new model is capable of explaining a wide range of polymer systems and most importantly the theory uncovers the mechanism of the improved polymer films; reducing disorder urges increasing intrachain reactions within each chain, thus enhancing more J-like spectral features.