• DOMINICAN SPANISH IN CONTACT WITH ST. THOMAS ENGLISH CREOLE: A SOCIOLINGUISTIC STUDY OF SPEECH VARIATION ON ST. THOMAS, U.S. VIRGIN ISLANDS.

      Lorenzino, Gerardo; Holmquist, Jonathan Carl; Toth, Paul D.; Garrett, Paul B., 1968- (Temple University. Libraries, 2015)
      This dissertation will demonstrate that a variety of Dominican Spanish in contact with St. Thomas English Creole (STTEC) revealed many features which are consistent with Dominican Spanish in other contact environments and some new features which are emerging as the result of uniquely STTEC influences. The most notable feature is the appearance of the vowel [ɛ] in Dominican Spanish, which in STTEC is highly indexical to St. Thomian identity. In the present sociolinguistic analysis, it was found that the variability of [ɛ] was significantly influenced by the following phonological segment, syllable stress, the language of the token, and the speakers’ social network ties and self-ascribed identity. This dissertation also includes a socio-historical background of St Thomas, U.S. Virgin Islands, a description of St Thomas English Creole, and a history of immigration patterns of people from the Dominican Republic to St Thomas, U.S.V.I.