• Teaching Children with Autism Inclusion Readiness Skills Using Video Self-Modeling with an iPad

      Thurman, S. Kenneth; Tincani, Matt; Schifter, Catherine; Fiorello, Catherine A.; Page, Terry (Temple University. Libraries, 2014)
      Video self-modeling has been used in the past to teach many skills to children with autism. Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders have a lack of language processing, expressive communication, and social skills. These deficits may impact the ability to function in the general education classroom. The current investigation examined the effects of using video self-modeling with an iPad device to teach inclusion readiness skills to children with autism. The specific group directions that were taught were cleaning up, lining up, and sitting down. Three young children with autism participated in this study. A multiple baseline design across behavior and subjects was used. All three participants reached mastery criteria in all three behaviors. Experimental control was shown with the multiple baseline across subjects. Moreover, experimental control was established with the multiple baseline across behaviors with one of the participants. Due to generalization across behaviors, experimental control was shown with two of the behaviors with a second subject. When video models were discontinued and maintenance probes were conducted, all three children maintained group direction skills. Results showed that the prerequisite classroom skills were effectively taught to children with autism using video self-modeling. The results are discussed in terms of implications for the general education classroom and future research directions.
    • Using Behavioral Skills Training with Video Modeling to Improve Future Behavior Analysts’ Graphing Skills

      Fisher, Amanda Guld; Tincani, Matt; Hantula, Donald A.; Dowdy, Arthur; Hineline, Philip Neil; Axelrod, Saul (Temple University. Libraries, 2020)
      Individuals who train to become behavior analysts should be able to organize, create, and display data accurately in order to make a data-based decision about the interventions being used for his or her clients. Behavior analysts most commonly use the visual analysis of the data to continuously evaluate the relationship between the intervention and the target behavior being measured. A multiple probe design across behaviors (i.e., Reversal Design, Alternating treatments and Multiple baseline design) was used to evaluate the effects of behavioral skills training (BST) with video modeling on three potential behavior analysts’ single-subject design graphing skills in Microsoft Excel™. Behavioral skills training is a training package made up of multiple components, but for the purpose of this study BST included: rehearsal, video modeling w/ instructions, and feedback. The three participants were taught remotely via Zoom how to accurately complete the steps in the graph creation process for a reversal design, alternating treatments design, and a multiple baseline design. Results indicate that BST with video modeling was an effective and efficient intervention to increase the accuracy of three potential behavior analysts’ single-subject design graphing skills on Microsoft Excel™.