Now showing items 1-20 of 2379

    • “Flygskam”: Exploring Fear Appeals in the Flight Shaming Movement

      Sessou, Emmanuel, N. Septime; Sessou|0000-0002-3730-4820 (2022)
      This study examines the news coverage of the flight-shaming movement known as “flygskam”. It does so through a content analysis of news articles that discuss the phenomenon in 2019, using Kim Witte’s (1992) Extended Parallel Process Model EPPM. While the theory suggests that fear appeal messages are likely to be effective when threats components are balanced with efficacy recommendations, the findings here indicate that the message in some of these articles amounts to a low level of susceptibility. This predicts a low reception of the fear-based message by its intended audiences. Others chose to include eco-celebrities as an incentive for the movement. What these findings bear as implications for campaigns is a need for carefully presenting mitigation and adaption messages, especially for an issue as polarized and sensitive as the climate crisis.
    • Constructing the Green Consumer: a Critical Discourse Analysis of Nestle’s Press Releases

      Sessou, Emmanuel, N. Septime; Sessou|0000-0002-3730-4820 (2020)
      This paper aims to explore how Nestle imagines and projects the ideal company that is environmentally friendly. A critical discourse analysis of Nestle’s press releases available on the company’s website illustrates three strategic movements that work to improve and maintain the company’s image. I argue that through the power afforded by access to discourse (Van Dijk, 1993), Nestle imagines and articulates the ideal green multinational, and while doing so constructs the desired eco-friendly consumer.
    • Valuing the Aspirations of the Community: The Origins of a Community–University Partnership

      Winfield, Jake; Fiorot, Sara; Pressimone Beckowski, Catherine; Davis, James Earl; Winfield|0000-0001-6181-8664; Fiorot|0000-0002-6767-9535; Pressimone Beckowski|0000-0002-3517-2596; Davis|0000-0003-4417-8989 (2022-06-23)
      Universities are increasingly prioritizing engagement and collaboration with their local communities. While such partnerships can be mutually beneficial, they can often perpetuate and exacerbate power differentials, particularly when the community partners belong to racially minoritized groups. This qualitative paper examines the founding of a community–university partnership between a Black, low-income community and a predominantly White university. Through the theoretical framework of aspirational capital, we find that valuing the experiences and aspirations of the community helped establish a more equitable partnership forged to support a community-led, culturally relevant after-school program. Centering the aspirations of Black community members and the epistemologies of the Black women on the program staff also served to acknowledge and address power imbalances at the founding stages of the partnership. Recognizing and valuing the aspirational capital of community members also positively impacted the university-based staff’s ability to function as boundary spanners between the university and community who could adequately articulate the desires and needs of program staff. We argue that by recognizing and valuing the aspirational capital already present in low-income Black communities, universities can create more equitable partnerships for positive social change.
    • Walk Audit Assignment: Assessing pedestrian safety on Cecil B. Moore

      Temple University. Office of Sustainability (2020-10-21)
    • Walk Audit Assignment: Temple Rome to Piazza del Popolo

      Temple University. Office of Sustainability; Temple University Abroad. Rome Campus (2021-11-02)
    • Temple Tiny House: Philadelphia’s first Petal Certified Net Zero Home

      Temple University. Office of Sustainability (2017-10-24)
      The Temple Tiny House project is a student-designed and student-constructed sustainable building located at the university’s urban garden site on Temple University’s Main Campus in North Philadelphia. The 175 square foot net-zero structure serves as a food access programming and demonstration space for the student-run Temple Community Garden. Temple Tiny House proved to be one of the most collaborative projects on campus, and involved the participation of a diverse group of faculty members, students, and administrative staff from around the university. The project is Petal Certified under the Living Building Challenge making it the first certified project in the City of Philadelphia. Since its completion in spring 2017, the Temple Tiny House continues to offer educational opportunities to students and the larger Philadelphia community and serves as a food access programming and demonstration space for the student-run Temple Community Garden.
    • 2019-2020 Green Grant Awardee: Allison Altobelli and Miya Wagner - Thrift and Flop

      Temple University. Office of Sustainability (2020-10)
      As the recipients of the 2019-2020 Green Grant, they used their funds to create a unique peer education experience, shedding light on the negative effects of fast fashion and channeling their creative skills to upcycle clothing and promote more conscious consumption through their organization, Thrift and Flop.
    • Stories of Sustainability: Sustainable Fashion

      Temple University. Office of Sustainability (2020)
    • Stories of Sustainability: Race to Zero Waste

      Temple University. Office of Sustainability; Temple University. Computer Recycling Center (2021)
    • Stories of Sustainability: Act on Climate

      Temple University. Office of Sustainability (2021)
    • Stories of Sustainability: Birds, Bees, and Trees

      Temple University. Office of Sustainability (2020-12)
    • 2020-2021 Green Grant Awardee: Adventure Bound

      Temple University. Office of Sustainability (2021-03)
      Adventure Bound was awarded Green Grant funds for Center for Outdoor Ethics Leave No Trace trainer course and certification and camping equipment compliant with our sustainable procurement policy.
    • 2019-2020 Green Grant Awardee: Zimri T. Henshaw - Bucha Leather

      Temple University. Office of Sustainability (2020-10)
      Bucha Leather is made from renewable bacterial nanocellulose, one of nature’s fundamental building blocks. It’s found in nature, residing in trees, bacteria, and algae. Zimri realized the unique growing conditions of nanocellulose allow for layers of densely interconnected fibers to grow together, resulting in massive mats that can be dried and processed, creating a new and sustainable textile.
    • Urban Honey Bees and Forage: The Ecological Dimension of Disinvested Neighborhoods in Philadelphia, USA

      Pearsall, Hamil; Temple University. Office of Sustainability (2020)
      With bee decline underway across taxa on a global scale, cities increasingly stand as a haven for bee conservation. Primary drivers of bee decline include habitat fragmentation and high-input agricultural and lawn management – both of which can make non-urban landscapes more hostile to bees than urban landscapes. In this analysis, I draw from urban ecological methods and political ecological framings to better understand the urban landscape as a bee socio-economic system. Using data from the unique honey bee foraging assay of Sponsler et al. (2020) which describes plant genera identified from pollen DNA samples from apiaries across the city, I offer a geospatial analysis to describe spatial patterns of bee floral resources. I ask the following: I) What spatial patterns exist in floral resources for bees across the landscape of the city of Philadelphia? II) Do these spatial patterns correlate with the socio-economic variables of income and racial composition? and II) To what extent can urban ecology and the critical social sciences inform one another in the context of this socio-ecological system? Although I find no strong correlation between plant richness and demographic variables, I examine the dominant plant genera in select Philadelphia neighborhoods, contributing to urban political ecological understandings of weedy ecologies, marginalization, and social control.
    • Sustainable 3D Printing with Soy-derived Bioink

      Lelkes, Peter I.; Temple University. Office of Sustainability (2019)
      Nutritional foods and medical resources have become prohibitively expensive. As a result, many socio-economically disadvantaged populations continue to choose between long-term health or immediate survival. There is a direct correlation between the increased utilization of medical resources and disease states caused by poor nutrition. Therefore research of methods that increase access to nutritional foods while simultaneously reducing the cost of medical resources is highly advantageous. Three-dimensional (3D) printing combined with soy-derived bioinks (SBDs) offers the advantage of reducing processing waste, encouraging customization, while also lowering production costs. Fabrication of 3D food and tissue constructs is a promising solution to address nutritious food and medical resource cost and scarcity. Easily cultivated soy-derived protein is a ubiquitous resource that has been determined to be safe and contains many bioactive properties. 3D printing can create reproducible complex geometries with automated processes. This project will research and implement the development of a versatile SDBs for use in 3D printing for soy-based food applications.
    • Prospects for quarkonium studies at the high-luminosity LHC

      Chapon, Emilien; d'Enterria, David; Ducloue, Bertrand; Echevarria, Miguel G.; Gossiaux, Pol-Bernard; Kartvelishvili, Vato; Kasemets, Tomas; Lansberg, Jean-Philippe; McNulty, Ronan; Price, Darren D.; Shao, Hua-Sheng; Van Hulse, Charlotee; Winn, Michael; Adam, Jaroslav; An, Liupan; Arrebato Villar, Denys Yen; Bhattacharya, Shohini; Celiberto, Francesco G.; Cheshkov, Cvetan; D'Alesio, Umberto; da Silva, Cesar; Ferreiro, Elena G.; Flett, Chris A.; Flore, Carlo; Garzelli, Maria Vittoria; Gaunt, Jonathan; He, Jibo; Makris, Yiannis; Marqut, Cyrille; Massacrier, Laure; Mehen, Thomas; Mezrag, Cedric; Micheletti, Luca; Nagar, Riccardo; Nefedov, Maxim A.; Ozcelik, Melih A.; Paul, Biswarup; Pisano, Cristian; Qiu, Jian-Wei; Rajesh, Sangem; Rinaldi, Matteo; Scarpa, Florent; Smith, Maddie; Taels, Pieter; Tee, Amy; Teryaev, Oleg; Vitev, Ivan; Watanabe, Kazuhiro; Yamanake, Nodoka; Yao, Xiaojun; Zhang, Yanxi (2021-11-29)
      Prospects for quarkonium-production studies accessible during the upcoming high-luminosity phases of the CERN Large Hadron Collider operation after 2021 are reviewed. Current experimental and theoretical open issues in the field are assessed together with the potential for future studies in quarkonium-related physics. This will be possible through the exploitation of the huge data samples to be collected in proton–proton, proton–nucleus and nucleus–nucleus collisions, both in the collider and fixed-target modes. Such investigations include, among others, those of: (i) and produced in association with other hard particles; (ii) and down to small transverse momenta; (iii) the constraints brought in by quarkonia on gluon PDFs, nuclear PDFs, TMDs, GPDs and GTMDs, as well as on the low- parton dynamics; (iv) the gluon Sivers effect in polarised-nucleon collisions; (v) the properties of the quark–gluon plasma produced in ultra-relativistic heavy-ion collisions and of collective partonic effects in general; and (vi) double and triple parton scatterings.
    • The effect of caregiver key opinion leaders on increasing caregiver demand for evidence-based practices to treat youth anxiety: protocol for a randomized control trial

      Crane, Margaret; Atkins, Marc S.; Becker, Sara J.; Purtle, Jonathan; Olino, Thomas; Kendall, Philip C.; Crane|0000-0002-1680-3364; Olino|0000-0001-5139-8571; Kendall|0000-0001-7034-6961 (2021-09-23)
      Background: Research has identified cognitive behavioral therapy with exposures (CBT) as an effective treatment for youth anxiety. Despite implementation efforts, few anxious youth receive CBT. Direct-to-consumer marketing offers a different approach to address the unmet need for youth receiving effective treatments. Involving a local caregiver key opinion leader in direct-to-consumer initiatives may be an effective strategy to increase caregiver demand for CBT. Research indicates that key opinion leaders improve health promotion campaigns, but key opinion leaders have not been studied in the context of increasing caregiver demand for evidence-based treatments. Method: Project CHAT (Caregivers Hearing about Anxiety Treatments) will test the role of key opinion leader participation in conducting outreach presentations to increase caregiver desire to seek CBT for their youth’s anxiety. Caregiver attendees (N = 180) will be cluster randomized by school to receive one of two different approaches for presentations on CBT for youth anxiety. Both approaches will involve community outreach presentations providing information on recognizing youth anxiety, strategies caregivers can use to decrease youth anxiety, and how to seek CBT for youth anxiety. The researcher-only condition will be co-facilitated by two researchers. In the key opinion leader condition, a caregiver key opinion leader from each local community will be involved in tailoring the content of the presentation to the context of the community, co-facilitating the presentation with a researcher, and endorsing strategies in the presentation that they have found to be helpful. In line with the theory of planned behavior, caregiver attendees will complete measures assessing their knowledge of, attitudes towards, perceived subjective norms about, and intention to seek CBT pre- and post-presentation; they will indicate whether they sought CBT for their youth at 3-month follow-up. Results will be analyzed using a mixed method approach to assess the effectiveness of a key opinion leader to increase caregiver demand for CBT. Discussion: This study will be the first to examine the potential of key opinion leaders to increase caregiver demand for CBT. If proven effective, the use of key opinion leaders could serve as a scalable dissemination strategy to increase the reach of evidence-based treatments.
    • An expanding HIV epidemic among older adults in Ukraine: Implications for patient-centered care

      Rozanova, Julia; Zeziulin, Oleksandr; Rich, Katherine M.; Altice, Frederick L.; Kiriazova, Tetiana; Zaviryukha, Irina; Sosidko, Tetiana; Gulati, Komal; Carroll, Constance; Shenoi, Sheela V. (2021-09-30)
      Introduction: The Eastern Europe and Central Asian (EECA) region has the highest increase in HIV incidence and mortality globally, with suboptimal HIV treatment and prevention. All EECA countries (except Russia) are low and middle-income (LMIC). While LMIC are home to 80% of all older people living with HIV (OPWH), defined as ≥50 years, extant literature observed that newly diagnosed OPWH represent the lowest proportion in EECA relative to all other global regions. We examined HIV diagnoses in OPWH in Ukraine, a country emblematic of the EECA region. Methods: We analysed incident HIV diagnoses from 2015–2018 and mortality trends from 2016–2018 for three age groups: 1) 15–24 years; 2) 25–49 years; and 3) ≥50 years. AIDS was defined as CD4<200cells/mL. Mortality was defined as deaths per 1000 patients newly diagnosed with HIV within the same calendar year. Mortality rates were calculated for 2016, 2017, and 2018, compared to age-matched general population rates, and all-cause standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) were calculated. Results: From 2015–2018, the proportion of OPWH annually diagnosed with HIV increased from 11.2% to 14.9% (p<0.01). At the time of diagnosis, OPWH were also significantly (p<0.01) more likely to have AIDS (43.8%) than those aged 25–49 years (29.5%) and 15–24 years (13.3%). Newly diagnosed OPWH had the same-year mortality ranging from 3 to 8 times higher than age-matched groups in the Ukrainian general population. Conclusions: These findings suggest a reassessment of HIV testing, prevention and treatment strategies in Ukraine is needed to bring OPWH into focus. OPWH are more likely to present with late-stage HIV and have higher mortality rates. Re-designing testing practices is especially crucial since OPWH are absent from targeted testing programs and are increasingly diagnosed as they present with AIDS-defining symptoms. New strategies for linkage and treatment programs should reflect the distinct needs of this target population.
    • Procaspase-1 patrolled to the nucleus of proatherogenic lipid LPC-activated human aortic endothelial cells induces ROS promoter CYP1B1 and strong inflammation

      Center of Cardiovascular Research (Temple University); Center of Inflammation and Lung Research (Temple University) (2021-09-28)
      To determine the roles of nuclear localization of pro-caspase-1 in human aortic endothelial cells (HAECs) activated by proatherogenic lipid lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC), we examined cytosolic and nuclear localization of pro-caspase-1, identified nuclear export signal (NES) in pro-caspase-1 and sequenced RNAs. We made the following findings: 1) LPC increases nuclear localization of procaspase-1 in HAECs. 2) Nuclear pro-caspase-1 exports back to the cytosol, which is facilitated by a leptomycin B-inhibited mechanism. 3) Increased nuclear localization of pro-caspase-1 by a new NES peptide inhibitor upregulates inflammatory genes in oxidative stress and Th17 pathways; and SUMO activator N106 enhances nuclear localization of pro-caspase-1 and caspase-1 activation (p20) in the nucleus. 4) LPC plus caspase-1 enzymatic inhibitor upregulates inflammatory genes with hypercytokinemia/hyperchemokinemia and interferon pathways, suggesting a novel capsase-1 enzyme-independent inflammatory mechanism. 5) LPC in combination with NES inhibitor and caspase-1 inhibitor upregulate inflammatory gene expression that regulate Th17 activation, endotheli-1 signaling, p38-, and ERK- MAPK pathways. To examine two hallmarks of endothelial activation such as secretomes and membrane protein signaling, LPC plus NES inhibitor upregulate 57 canonical secretomic genes and 76 exosome secretomic genes, respectively, promoting four pathways including Th17, IL-17 promoted cytokines, interferon signaling and cholesterol biosynthesis. LPC with NES inhibitor also promote inflammation via upregulating ROS promoter CYP1B1 and 11 clusters of differentiation (CD) membrane protein pathways. Mechanistically, all the LPC plus NES inhibitor-induced genes are significantly downregulated in CYP1B1-deficient microarray, suggesting that nuclear caspase-1-induced CYP1B1 promotes strong inflammation. These transcriptomic results provide novel insights on the roles of nuclear caspase-1 in sensing DAMPs, inducing ROS promoter CYP1B1 and in regulating a large number of genes that mediate HAEC activation and inflammation. These findings will lead to future development of novel therapeutics for cardiovascular diseases (CVD), inflammations, infections, transplantation, autoimmune disease and cancers. (total words: 284).