• A Collective Response to Mass Violence: Reparations and Healing in Cambodia

      Van Schaack, Beth; Ramji-Nogales, Jaya (2005)
      This piece (authored by Jaya Ramji-Nogales) examines an area long neglected in current discussions of Khmer Rouge accountability-reparations for victims. It discusses the Khmer Rouge tribunal law's silence on this matter and presents several arguments, drawing on international human rights law, for the tribunal's awarding of reparations notwithstanding this textual blindspot. The chapter then reviews the various goals reparations can achieve-restitution, rehabilitation, and reconciliation; the types of reparations that can be awarded; and the mechanisms, individual versus collective, that can be used to distribute reparations. Turning to the Cambodian context, it emphasizes the need for a comprehensive study to understand the opinions of Cambodians with respect to reparations. The piece concludes by suggesting several alternative approaches to reparations that are sensitive to Cambodian attitudes and the unique Cambodian cultural context.
    • A Functionalist Approach to Comparative Abortion Law

      Rebouché, Rachel (2014)
      This chapter critiques the present comparative methodology in abortion law and explores the possibilities of a new comparative approach. The current method relies on high-­ profile but dated constitutional abortion decisions from the United States and Germany. Courts continue to rely on these cases to justify their decisions as consistent with a modern, global convergence around women’s rights and to minimize national resistance to contested law reform. These comparisons, however, oversimplify legal developments of the past forty years by focusing on constitutional norms and legislative regimes, rather than on the relationship between abortion law and practice.
    • Bespoke Transitional Justice at the International Criminal Court, in Contested Justice: The Politics and Practice of International Criminal Court Interventions

      Ramji-Nogales, Jaya (2015)
      This chapter grapples with the question of whether the International Criminal Court (ICC) should be conceptualised as a mechanism of transitional justice. Most theorists insist that transitional justice is either an inappropriate or an unrealistic goal for the Court. Some scholars have proposed that the Court might more accurately be theorised as seeking to achieve political goals through ‘juridified diplomacy’. Others suggest that the Court should speak to a global, rather than local, audience. A third school of thought criticises international criminal law as insufficiently focused on the preferences of societies affected by mass violence. Going one step further, some theorists suggest that the Court should be set aside in favour of mechanisms that are more responsive to local preferences. Although the incorporation of the ICC into a locally owned transitional justice paradigm faces substantial challenges, this chapter draws on a theory of ‘bespoke transitional justice’ to suggest ways in which this knotty relationship might be better designed.
    • The Future of Medical Music Therapy In Neuro-Rehabilitation

      Arts & Quality of Life Research Center (Temple University) (2016)
      "Acquired Brain Injury (ABI) is an umbrella term that includes a range of conditions stemming from rapid onset of brain injury. The underlying causes range from: traumatic injuries, caused by head injury or postsurgical insult; vascular accidents including hemorrhagic or ischemic strokes and subarachnoid hemorrhage; cerebral anoxia caused by a starvation of oxygen within the brain; toxic or metabolic events such as hypoglycemia; and viral infection or inflammation (Royal College of Physicians, 2004). Other conditions that involve acquired brain injury to some degree, but follow a different trajectory from ABI from rapid onset and may be neuropalliative in nature, include Parkinson’s Disease, Multiple Sclerosis, Huntington’s Disease and Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis/Motor Neurone Disease (also known as Lou Gehrig’s Disease). The purpose of rehabilitation with people with rapid onset ABI is to restore the person’s functioning to levels comparable to those the person had prior to brain injury, and to enable optimal levels of independence. This is different from the goal of rehabilitation with a person with a degenerative disease. In these cases, the purpose of rehabilitation is to maintain the person’s current level of functioning for as long as possible and to provide technological aids as functional levels degenerate. This paper will only discuss music therapy with people with ABI from non-degenerative causes."
    • The Future of Technology in Music Therapy: Towards Collaborative Models of Practice

      Arts & Quality of Life Research Center (Temple University) (2016)
      "There is a growing interest in the field of music therapy and the use of technologies. The books, Music Technology in Therapeutic and Health settings (Magee, 2013), and Music, Health, Technology and Design (Stensæth, 2014) are recent examples of this. They reveal that music therapy is rapidly moving into new areas where the use and understanding of – as well as the need for – technology in clinical practice, assessment, theory and research collaboration is explored. In these publications, there are examples of how (computer) technology is becoming an efficient way to analyze improvisations in sessions (Erkkilä, Ala-Ruona & Lartillot, 2014), and how interdisciplinary research collaboration between music therapists and technology professionals use music therapy theory as a backdrop to explore how musical and interactive media can be developed to promote health and well-being among people with special needs (Cappelen & Andersson, 2011a, b, 2014 ; Stensæth, Holone & Herstad, 2014; Stensæth & Ruud, 2014). Historically, published accounts of using technology in music therapy relate to the adoption of music technology within clinical practice to support and understand the ways in which clients express themselves. In the following sections this particular history is further described. In the last part of this chapter we will present an ongoing, interdisciplinary research collaboration project to exemplify one of many potential models for the future of technology in music therapy."